How about receiving a customized one? Before I turn to Socrates account of justice, I must explain Glaucon’s challenge in greater … Check out our Privacy and Content Sharing policies for more information.). Response to Glaucon's Argument. He tried to dissect justice in reference to the things that most people believed as justice. Plato scholars rarely ask whether Socrates had any lasting effect on Glaucon, and the few who have done so almost always suppose that, by the end of the dialogue, Socrates did manage to persuade him that the just life is preferable to the unjust one. Socrates claims that the ultimate result of laws is to help people not harm them, as some might think. Socrates, no innocent to rhetoric and the ploys of Sophists, pretends to be frightened after Thrasymachus attacks by pretending to be indignant. At some point in teaching and thinking about the dialogue, however, I began to try to justify what I has previously assumed, and instead found myself stirring up doubts. For the sake of the argument, Glaucon proposes to present a defense of injustice. - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University. Socrates accepts Glaucon’s challenge and develops an account of justice according to which justice is the virtue of the soul. Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? Literature Network » Plato » The Republic » Socrates - Glaucon Plato’s Republic Excerpt from Chapter X Socrates’ response to Glaucon’s story of Gyges’ Ring Socrates: Haven’t we found that justice itself is the best thing for the soul itself, and that the soul —whether it has the ring of Gyges or even it together with the cap of Hades —should do just things? At the beginning of book II, Glaucon distinguishes three kinds of good (357b-c), and Socrates admits that in his view justice is an example of the "finest" kind. Glaucon proposes a test to Socrates: compare the life of a completely just person with the life of a completely unjust person. In Book 2 of the Republic, Glaucon is passionate about finding the true meaning of what justice is. At this early portion of the paper. notice that whenever something of the kind that is presently called cabal occurs and a metropolis is divided. His naming may suggest a kind of Platonic banter, because Glaucon certainly has difficulty in perceiving parts of Socrates' argument, particularly the analogies. Glaucon’s challenge to Socrates consisted of three main points. If this is true, why do all nations practice justice. I should wish really to persuade you, I replied, if I could. As stated by Glaucon, he explains “that it pays for a man to be perfectly unjust if he appears to be just” (528). to view the complete essay. However, the completely just man who is morally right is honored and rewarded but is still considered second best to the unjust man. Why or Why not? Socrates responds to Glaucons arguments by examining what the just or “well-functioning state” looks like. Essays may be lightly modified for readability or to protect the anonymity of contributors, but we do not edit essay examples prior to publication. Whether it be within oneself, or from an outside source, a just human would always have the reinforcement of reason. A just human being is influence most by reason rather than emotions and desires. Though his answer to Glaucon's challenge is delayed, Socrates ultimately argues that justice does not derive from this social construct: the man who abused the power of the Ring of Gyges has in fact enslaved himself to his appetites, while the man who chose not to use it remains rationally in control of himself and is therefore happy (Republic 10:612b). These are fulfilled with moderation or temperance. How does Socrates respond to Glaucon's argument that the life of the unjust man is better than the life of the just? So Thrasymachus acts like he is infuriated, for effect, and Socrates acts like he is frightened — for effect. Socrates said the following to Glaucon: Now. Socrates explains how justice is observed through the genuine acts of human character; justice is evaluated by how morally right one is. I asked a series of questions about the nature of this test at the end of class. Glaucon reasons that if the fear of getting penalized was removed, if punishment was not at all possible, then we would do anything we wanted whenever we wanted to without hesitation. Are You on a Short Deadline? "The Individual, the State, and Education" Summary: Book II. The first two modes of payment are intelligible enough, but what the penalty is I do not understand, or how a penalty can be a payment. If you are never going to receive punishment, then who truly is living the “good life? Glaucon looks less kindly on this city, calling it a “city of pigs.” I strongly approve Socrates argument of justice. Guardians protect and serve, which requires courage and temperance and merchants develop wealth and culture which involves temperance. Once the just man is in possession of this ring, he is able to act unjustly with no fear of retaliation, the same as the unjust man would. In making this point, Glaucon also highlights an anthropological underpinning for this view, namely the idea that people are largely selfishly motivated. Glaucon approaches the situation by discussing the following three points: the “kind of thing people consider justice to be and … The “Ring of Gyges” begins with a challenge put forth by Glaucon-he wants Socrates to defend the just life and he wants the defense to show that justice is intrinsically preferable to injustice. With this, he describes how the good life is determined by whether you are just or unjust. Justice is vindicated only if Socrates can show that the just person’s life is better. Uncover new sources by reviewing other students' references and bibliographies, Inspire new perspectives and arguments (or counterarguments) to address in your own essay. Learn what works (and what doesn't) from the reader's perspective. Response to Glaucon's Argument In Book 2 of the Republic, Glaucon is passionate about finding the true meaning of what justice is. He also asked Socrates to try to show where Justice originated. He presents the idea that the perfectly unjust life is more pleasant than the perfectly just life. it is an imperative to explicate in farther item what Glaucon and Adeimantus’ challenge demand from Socrates. In this paper, I will explain the account of justice that Socrates develops in Books Two through Four of the Republic, as well as how the account works as a response to Glaucon’s challenge. ” The unjust man who never gets caught or the just one? IX - Socrates - Glaucon . Sign up This is the case due to two understandings of justice between the brothers, Glaucon and. This is the nature of justice, according to the argument, Socrates, and these are its natural origins (Rep. 358 e-359 b). The unjust man is getting away with such unmorally things because he is perceived just. I agree that Socrates has offered a solid response to Glaucon’s argument. Show More. A just person appears human, as an unjust person can perceive himself to be human as well. Socrates believes that the “appearance of justice” is not the best measure of actual justice because it is best for everyone to be ruled by actual reason, not pretend reason. So he said to me: Socrates, do you wish really to persuade us, or only to seem to have persuaded us, that to be just is always better than to be unjust? said Glaucon.