C.H. A paper handed to each voter on election day to be marked, showing the names of the candidates (and sometimes the parties) who are standing for election. Political Party: An organization that seeks to achieve political power by electing its members to public office. Campaign: The organised process of trying to persuade people to vote for you.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'myenglishteacher_eu-leader-1','ezslot_11',673,'0','0'])); Votes: A secret process of one person choosing someone to represent them in Parliament. The discipline that applies mathematics, statistics and probability theory to assess risk in human affairs such as insurance, issuing finance, and in some cases sentencing in criminal justice. A free market economic system abused to the degree where some business people have become successful due to their relationships with government. Popular British 19th century working class movement advocating electoral reform. whilst the people working in them are, Government! If you’ve ever found yourself in a situation where you have to tell your boss or a client some bad news, then you’ll know just how important it is to be able to use diplomatic English. To abuse a position means you take more than is yours to take. A vote that the presiding officer of decision-making body, who normally does not vote so as to give an impression of impartiality, has the option to exercise when it would have an effect. A condition of lawlessness and disorder brought about by the absence of any controlling authority. for ‘ending’ or ‘conclusion’. Basic Terms and Concepts of Political Science - Chapter Summary. Nice to meet you! Information that is false or misleading deliberately disseminated for strategic gain. An informal, unarranged interview with a politician or other public figure, often undertaken when entering or exiting his/her home or place of business, by a single or group of reporters. see also Casual Vacancy. In Australia there is no restriction on state governments doing such, but when the federal government takes property it must be done on “just terms”. ‘First Past the Post’ voting but with the added concept that one can tick (approve of) as many candidates’ names as one wishes, but in no order of preference. A bird dog is a retriever who runs into the bushes and flushes birds out into the open. As compared to democratically maintained law, common law is judge maintained and modified law and is valid unless it conflicts with statute law. In such decisions, the selected candidates would get one quarter of a vote each, or half a vote, or where only one candidate received the vote, the whole vote. Meetings play a very big part in the business world. for ‘well thinking’. With the advent of legislation limiting the amount an entity can donate to a political candidate,  political campaigns have to put more emphasis on the number of donors solicited rather than a limited number of wealthy donors who are often directly approached by the candidate him / her self. With political news and electoral terminologies being difficult to understand and the often misnomer, it is best we know some political terminologies before the upcoming elections commence in seven states - Goa, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand. But, as if that’s not bad enough, once in power, they are under NO obligation to stick to it at all! A type of laissez-faire policy, where, in response to calls for government funding or regulation to address a recently developed problem, a ‘do nothing’ approach is alternatively undertaken in the belief that, over time, it will improve, or at least not hurt, the interests of the "neglected" group. Latin for “to the man”. Originally applying to non urban, pre-industrial revolution peoples with traditional, conservative attitudes, those who believe in the collective ownership and control of primary industries, and to a lesser extent secondary industries, for the benefit of all, but otherwise not that committed to other socialist beliefs such as progressive/liberal approaches to domestic or international social concerns. The ability of a party to produce a particular good or service at a lower marginal or opportunity cost than another. A speech on a particular policy issue would be described as B. if it added nothing to what had been said many times before. see ‘delegated legislation’. We will try to tread through this minefield together to understand the keywords and phrases. The ultimate set of laws to which all other laws made by contemporary governments are subservient to. Key Terms free in Post- basic political terminology pdf Colonial Theory. Søg efter jobs der relaterer sig til Basic political terminology, eller ansæt på verdens største freelance-markedsplads med 18m+ jobs. The people are ready to vote. The United Kingdom, meanwhile, is divided into small regions. 1)Conflict of Interests Definition: a situation in which a person is in a position to derive personal benefit from actions or decisions made in their official capacity. Political Suicide: A vote or action that is likely to be so unpopular with voters as to cause a politician's probable loss in the next election. 9 basic political terminology pdf Normal PDF 354 8. A voted Member of Parliament REPRESENTS the people in their constituency. British-American poet and historian of the Soviet Union and other aspects of 20th century totalitarianism. Excluding policy decisions made by people’s elected representatives, where it is deemed electoral popular support authorises the office holder to be unrestrained in their decision making as long as it is within the law, all civil / public servants, from the Prime Minister down can be challenged in court (as long as the plaintiff has standing) on the “reasonableness” of their administrative actions or even on their failure to act. Australian concept related to candidate manipulation in larger political parties. Aka  “playing the man, not the ball”. Original name given to the secret ballot due to the fact it originated there. Geographical areas used as a criterion for political representation. However, they don’t have to say HOW they, would do this. Whereas a nation’s enacted laws are deemed to protect people from the harmful deeds of their fellow citizens, a B.o.R is deemed to protect the citizenry from the excesses of their rulers. To him, the concept of natural laws and basic human rights was nothing more than “nonsense on stilts”. The concerted defensive mode of response a political player sometimes adopts to offset the negative publicity when an embarrassing “situation” develops, such as a controversial comment, evidence of a scandal, egregious hypercritical actions or abuse of public position. At the time, ‘bully’ had the positive meaning of superb or wonderful. An office, place or high order which gives one the opportunity to propagate one’s views. A type of political speech where a campaigner either does, or is alleged to, put code words in his / her speech to imply more than what is said on its face. The Public Purse: Money collected by government in the form of taxes. In other words, once voted in they don’t, A common exercise in schools is to debate and then write their own Manifestos, trying to. A suggested electoral system where votes are somehow weighted according to the degree of knowledge of the voter. The local candidates and the Party Leaders have put forward their, resident in the UK or British National is entitled to vote, but in order to do so you need to be on the, The day arrives and local vilage halls or sometimes school rooms are turned into, votes are counted, The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland wakes up to. Sometimes includes a Bill of Rights. A state ruled by a caliph, who is considered to be the chief Islamic civil and religious ruler, regarded as the successor in line from Muhammad. Controversial as to whether or not a renewable energy. Aka  andrarchy or phallocracy. A type of proportional representation voting where the voter has the option to support candidates of a political party but not in his\her order. Wells novel, The Time Machine. Bill is from the Latin ‘bulla’, seal, relating to a sealed document, and act from ‘actum, meaning a thing completed or formally done. Plausible: Likely to happen or be true. Jim Jones drank grape flavoured, but poison laced, Kool-Aid. Fr. MI5 is a Civil Service whilst some of the James Bond characters such as Q, M and Moneypenny would be Civil Servants. Elected Members of Parliament are paid to serve the public. The government and social system that was swept away by the French Revolution. We also get your email address to automatically create an account for you in our website. France, Sweden, South Korea and New Zealand all have unicameral governments. An alarming thought, although in the case of a national emergency, Parliament would BE RECALLED. The local candidates and the Party Leaders have put forward their MANIFESTOS, the debates are finished. In multi-member electorates, each voter having the same number of votes as the number of vacant seats (must tick off [say] three names). Ableism – Ableism is discrimination against people with disabilities. A law where there may have been conjecture as to its meaning, but where appellate courts have subsequently settled the issue. Examples would be the Dreyfus affair, the Scopes Monkey Trial and the American Roe v Wade Supreme Court case. Junior Minister: An assistant in the leadership of a Department. The subject matter covers national legislatures, elections, local Political definition, of, relating to, or concerned with politics: political writers. Term coined by Teddy Roosevelt who thought the American presidency gave an immense platform to advocate his positions on many issues. Politics are confusing, scary, overwhelming, intimidating. This is the online edition of A Glossary of Political Economy Terms by Dr. Paul M. Johnson of Auburn University. Also the term for a group of people within an establishment with a common political leaning. The alternative to “on the record” discussions. The Prime Minister of the UK David Cameron has CALLED a General Election: The UK is currently HOLDING an Election. The power to do something or hold an office by virtue of the fact that one holds an earlier office. The pre-requisite to voting. The term Political Theory as used in the contemporary sense, may mean the scientific theory, the positivist theory, or the behavioral theory. for beautiful epoch. A.k.a. The day arrives and local vilage halls or sometimes school rooms are turned into POLLING STATIONS. A carpet bag was a fashionable form of luggage of the time used by northern “Yankees”, political appointees or businessmen, who moved down to southern states during the American post-Civil War Reconstruction era taking advantage of the instability, power vacuum and fire sale prices of the property market. We need a few more definitions before we move on. In Australia, it is a proposal ratified by the Governor General and at least one house of parliament, and then approved in a referendum by a 'double majority': a national majority of voters in the States and Territories; and a majority of voters in a majority of the States. Made up of the President / Prime Minister as chairman and each director as a secretary or minister responsible for the relevant government departments such as defence, environment, trade etc. Derived from Interstate Highway 495 which circumnavigates Washington forming a “belt”. for ‘famous case’. Derogatory term for a politician who panics easily and shows signs of caving when newer, creative, or more ideological policies their party advocates start to come under criticism. In the US it is ratification by either two-thirds of both the Senate and H.O.R., or three quarters of the state governments. Israel was unable to become a party to the additional Protocols because political terminology had intruded into … Even though conservative is defined as a traditionalist and is against change. For example, The Foreign Office or The Foreign Office or The Department of the Environment. Candidates: People who put themselves forward to be voted for in an Election. Secondly, both houses of Parliament are dissolved at the time of the election, rather than normal situation where the Senate only dissolves at the end of its set term, which can mean that it can be as much as eleven months after a normal election before the new Senators take their seats.