The Council of Europe Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities and the Council of Europe's European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages set up a legal framework for language rights in Europe. The Western Bloc, which was known as the Western Europe and comprising of the non-Communist countries, was allied with the NATO against the Soviet Union during the Cold War. However, various organizations and groups define Western Europe differently, guided by different ideologies. Here, the definition of Western Europe includes:[13], The CIA classifies seven countries as belonging to "Western Europe":[14]. When the Western European Union was dissolved, it had 10 member countries, six associate member countries, five observer countries and seven associate partner countries. It’s also perfect if you have an upcoming geography quiz and need a study aid. Europe time zones map. Warsaw, Berlin, Prague, Vienna, Budapest, Belgrade, Bucharest and Sofia; all these famous cities and the populations around them lie in what I must call the Soviet sphere, and all are subject, in one form or another, not only to Soviet influence but to a very high and in some cases increasing measure of control from Moscow. [19], Multilingualism and the protection of regional and minority languages are recognized political goals in Western Europe today. Western Europe is a geographic region of Europe.This term does not have a precise definition. The Western European region is very much advanced in its economy. However, a more modern definition of Western Europe has Belgium, France, Ireland, Luxembourg, Monaco, Netherlands and United Kingdom, which puts into consideration other factors such as economics and location. It might mean the Northern half of the North–South divide. Map of Scandinavia. To achieve these goals and deepen public understanding, offices in Europe maintain dialogue in donor countries with parliamentarians, civil society, business community, researchers and academia, and media. It is used in many US schools to teach students world geography. Western Europe: Countries - Map Quiz Game: When most people say “Europe,” they are really thinking of just a few countries in Western Europe. There are approximately 1,957,200 Latvians within the country’s 24,938 square miles’ territory. Norway, Sweden, Finland, Ireland, England, Denmark, the Netherlands, Germany, Austria, France, Spain, Portugal, Greece, and Italy. During the Cold War the countries that were not part of the Soviet sphere of influence were often described as part of Western Europe. In a number of countries, | An intricate jigsaw of landscapes, cultures, histories, art, architecture and cuisines, Western Europe retains time-honoured traditions while constantly evolving to incorporate inspired new trends. With certain simplifications, Western Europe is thus Catholic or Protestant and uses the Latin alphabet. 3 Western Europe France. Southern Europe is the region covering the southern half of the landmass of Europe. 5 Western Europe Liechtenstein 6 Western Europe Luxembourg 7 Western Europe Netherlands 8 Western Europe Switzerland. Copyright © Geographic Guide - Travel. Historically, Latvia has been under different rules including Swedish, Polish, Livonian, German, and Russian as well as forced incorporation into the Soviet Union just before the onset of World War II. Baltic states map. Due to this religious cleavage, Eastern Orthodox countries are often associated with Eastern Europe. 1. The population of Europe is about 742 million (United Nations 2017 Population Division figure), and for a landmass of about 3.9 million square miles (10.1 sq km), it has a density of 187.7 people per square mile. [16], Using the CIA classification a little more liberally and including "South-Western Europe", would give the following calculation of Western Europe's population.[16]. ", "One very common, but now outdated, definition of Eastern Europe was the Soviet-dominated communist countries of Europe.". Switzerland and Luxembourg have the highest average wage in the world, in nominal and PPP, respectively. Most Popular Countries in Western Europe France. Malta had the highest number of asylum applications in the region, followed by France, Greece and Sweden. European Union countries map. Find out now by playing this free map quiz game. I don't know all of them and it is making it very hard to label my map. $11.00 trillion. Being one of the most important languages of business throughout the world makes English speaking jobs very easy to encounter!. Prior to the Roman conquest, a large part of Western Europe had adopted the newly developed La Tène culture. In East Asia, Western Europe was historically known as taixi in China and taisei in Japan, which literally translates as the "Far West". If you have any questions regarding the data or the transition, please contact ess-dive-support@lbl.gov. The rise of the Carolingian Empire in the west, and in particular the Great Schism between Eastern Orthodoxy and Roman Catholicism, enhanced the cultural and religious distinctiveness between Eastern and Western Europe. The region’s limits to the east can be geographically de… Europe is a unique continent, which is not surrounded by water from all directions and has an overland border with neighboring Asia. This quiz was created to evenly split Europe to make it easier to study, and the countries that are included were based on a teacher request. Altogether, there are nine distinct regions in Europe. Belarus 2. 8 out of 15 Countries To Visit in Western Europe Scotland, a part of the UK, is located in northwestern Europe and is one of the most important countries in the continent. No countries dominated Western Europe after WW2 as all Nazi-occupied countries were freed and become independent once more. Share; Tweet; 1 Western Europe Austria. Only 3% of Turkey's land is in Europe, but 14% of the country's people live there. Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on … 2500x1254 / 595 Kb Go to Map. The Western countries refer to countries mainly in Europe, the Americas, and … Its use has changed over time. All figures based on the projections for 2018 by the Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. This cultural and linguistic division was eventually reinforced by the later political east–west division of the Roman Empire. Countries of Western Europe: Austria, Switzerland, Belgium, Netherlands, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg and Monaco. Here's what I already have. Various groups and organization lists different countries as belonging to Western Europe. 2 Western Europe Belgium. The schism is the break of communion and theology between what are now the Eastern (Orthodox) and Western (Roman Catholic from the 11th century, as well as from the 16th-century, also Protestant) churches. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of Central and Eastern Europe. This list of European countries by population comprises the 51 countries and 6 territories and dependencies in Europe, broadly defined, including Cyprus, Kazakhstan, Turkey, and the countries of the Caucasus.. The most popular cities include Paris, Provence and the French Riviera, but no matter where you go, you’ll be surrounded by history, charm, and amazing food. Norway, Sweden, Finland, Ireland, England, Denmark, the Netherlands, Germany, Austria, France, Spain, Portugal, Greece, and Italy. Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US. Using the CIA classification strictly would give the following calculation of Western Europe's population. Historically, post-war Europe was divided into two major parts: the Western Bloc and the Eastern Bloc. Eastern Europe is Orthodox and uses the Greek alphabet or Cyrillic script. In addition, Australia, Canada, Israel and New Zealand are members of the group, with the United States as observer. Europe location map. Other people and organizations add in Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Italy, Luxembourg, Andorra, San Marino, Vatican City Lichtenstein and Monaco into the list of the countries that are geographically positioned in west of Europe. Peter John, Local Governance in Western Europe, University of Manchester, 2001, "The geopolitical conditions (...) are now a thing of the past, and some specialists today think that Eastern Europe has outlived its usefulness as a phrase. However, there is a lot more to the country. It’s also perfect if you have an upcoming geography quiz and need a study aid. 1245x1012 / 490 Kb Go to Map. Learn how and when to remove this template message, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities, European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages, "What Is Eastern Europe? With the onset of the Cold War, Europe was divided by the Iron Curtain. Southern Europe's definition may be extended to include Balkan countries that are traditionally placed in Eastern Europe. 08/04/2013. Poland 6. Eastern Europe, meanwhile is formed by countries with dominant Eastern Orthodox churches, including Greece, Belarus, Bulgaria, Serbia, Romania, Russia, and Ukraine for instance. However, the region does have some physical boundaries. UkraineEastern Europe refers to Europe’s eastern parts. Belgium, France, Ireland, Luxembourg, Monaco, Netherlands and United Kingdom are the official countries that form the Western Europe according to CIA classification. During the Cold War, Western Europe was a geographic and socio-political concept. 2 Western Europe Belgium. The full list is shown in the table below, with current population and subregion (based on the United Nations official statistics). Region comprising the westerly countries of Europe. The countries of Southern Europe are Albania, Andorra, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Greece, Italy, the Republic of Macedonia, Malt… The non-EU countries of Western Europe are to a significant extent integrated into the EU’s internal market, in particular as concerns the members of the European Economic Area (Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein) and Switzerland, with relations being unparalleled in their scope and depth. West Germany peacefully absorbed East Germany, in the German reunification. Germany has the highest GDP in Europe and the largest financial surplus of any country, Luxembourg has the world's highest GDP per capita, and Germany has the highest net national wealth of any European state. It contained the seven countries listed above. The CIA also classifies three countries as belonging to "Southwestern Europe": The Western European and Others Group is one of several unofficial Regional Groups in the United Nations that act as voting blocs and negotiation forums. Western European countries studied by the Passport to Trade 2.0 project are: Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. Norway ranks highest in the world on the Social Progress Index. Czech Republic 4. Nevertheless, they are occasionally mentioned in the Central European context due to cultural, historical and linguistic ties. Some states (marked *) are only partially located in Europe. Hungary 5. The west was made up of the Western alliance countries of Europe, including countries such as Spain, England and France. Similarities in Western European business culture. Not included in this total of "countries" and listed separately are: Dependencies (or dependent territories, dependent areas) or Areas of Special Sovereignty (autonomous territories) 08/04/2013. Europe is a unique continent, which is not surrounded by water from all directions and has an overland border with neighboring Asia. There is no standard definition of Western vs Eastern Europe. Croatia. Several countries which had been part of the Soviet Union regained full independence. Like most places that stretch for miles and miles, Europe is divided into regions. Alp region, Western Europe, Central Europe, North Italy, North Iberia, British isles, etc. Choose from 500 different sets of western europe countries flashcards on Quizlet. Europe is made up of 46 countries that range in size from some of the largest in the world (Russia) to some of the smallest (Vatican City, Monaco). After the conquest of the Byzantine Empire, center of the Eastern Orthodox Church, by the Muslim Ottoman Empire in the 15th century, and the gradual fragmentation of the Holy Roman Empire (which had replaced the Carolingian Empire), the division between Roman Catholic and Protestant became more important in Europe than that with Eastern Orthodoxy. This cultural and linguistic division was eventually reinforced by the later political east–west division of the Roman Empire. A cleavage of this sort is, however, often problematic; for example, Greece is overwhelmingly Orthodox, but is very rarely included in "Eastern Europe", for a variety of reasons. Others also add Iceland and Finland into the list, making a total of 20 countries. https://study.com/.../western-europe-countries-capitals.html Spain is first country in western Europe with 1m Covid-19 cases Infection rate has accelerated since late August to frequently exceed 10,000 cases a … World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections. It was further revisited in 1954 at the Paris Conference, when the Western European Union was established. 5 Western Europe Liechtenstein 6 Western Europe Luxembourg 7 Western Europe Netherlands 8 Western Europe Switzerland . Western Europe. 1423x1095 / 370 Kb Go to Map. 8 years ago. The confusion exists because Western Europe is not an official zone like you would regard EU or EFTA, which have specific memberships. Home >Europe > Western European Countries and Capitals This is list of Western European countries and their capitals along with area, population and language details. That's only 14 so far. [8], During the four decades of the Cold War, the definition of East and West was rather simplified by the existence of the Eastern Bloc. [13] It was written by the authors Jan Nijman, Peter O. Muller and Harm J. de Blij. This designation of Western Europe is part of the geoscheme for the Europe continent that was developed by the United Nations Statistics Division. Moldova 7. Learn western europe countries with free interactive flashcards. Historians and social scientists generally view the Cold War definition of Western and Eastern Europe as outdated or relegating.[9][10][11][12]. Western European countries are Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Monaco, Netherlands and Switzerland. The southern countries of Portugal, Greece, and southern Italy are more agrarian and have been struggling economically since the global recession began in 2007. This is a list of European countries, by geographical area: . Europe's total geographical area is about ten million square kilometres. Average GDP per capita. European states by area (top 12). Published. Western Europe refers to the western part of Europe. List of Countries in Western Europe with maps, statistics, and country comparisons of all the European Nations During the middle ages, the European parts of the Western World included those countries following Catholicism or Protestantism. The Western Roman Empire collapsed, starting the Early Middle Ages. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections. The full list is shown in the table below, with current population and subregion (based on the United Nations official statistics). Its use has changed over time. If you need a different definition of Europe, please create a Custom Quiz of the countries in Europe. In Ricci's writings, Ricci referred to himself as "Matteo of the Far West". Western Europe consists of nine countries, including Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Monaco, Netherlands and Switzerland, according to the United Nations. According to this definition, Western Europe is formed by countries with dominant Roman Catholic and Protestant churches, including countries which are considered part of Central Europe now: Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom. on. Home; Groups; Western Europe; DEFINITION: Western Europe according to EuroVoc. Some of the countries that fall under this category are United Kingdom, Norway, Portugal, Spain, France, Switzerland, Vatican City, Netherlands, Sweden, Malta, Italy, Iceland, Germany, Greece, Finland, etc. This is list of Western European countries and their capitals along with area, population and language details. List of Countries in Western Europe. The World Bank Group (WBG) has established ambitious goals to galvanize international and national efforts to end extreme poverty within a generation and to promote shared prosperity. It includes the European countries of the Iberian Peninsula, the Italian peninsula, Greece, and Malta. on. The term often carries with it other meanings that are geopolitical in nature. The division between these two was enhanced during Late antiquity and the Middle Ages by a number of events. Political Map of Western Europe . Western Europe Operational highlights • The number of asylum applications in Western European countries, except for Greece, declined. What is the 2nd poorest country in Africa? Slovakia 10. Western Europe is the region comprising the western part of Europe. The western and northwestern parts have a mild, generally humid climate, influenced by the North Atlantic Current. NOTICE (March 2018): This website provides access to the CDIAC archive data temporarily. This is Western Europe ONLY! Comecon and the Warsaw Pact were dissolved, and in 1991, the Soviet Union ceased to exist. However in this stand off even countries not in Europe like the United States of America were considered part of the “The West”. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. Russia 9. Editor GBAF. The economics of the region and economics of the countries in or around this region also shape the definition. What are all 24 countries of Western Europe? There are 44 countries in Europe today, according to the United Nations. [citation needed], Only after the beginning of the foreign conquests of the Age of Discovery, the autonomous discourse of "Europe" as "the West" began to protractedly detach itself from the unifying narrative of "Christendom", the hitherto dominant identity system in the area, in which was until then subsumed. … By David Kariuki on August 24 2017 in Society. 4 Western Europe Germany. By. By contrast, the Eastern Roman Empire, mostly known as the Greek or Byzantine Empire, survived and even thrived for another 1000 years. Balkan countries map. Prior to the Roman conquest, a large part of Western Europe had adopted the newly developed La Tène culture. List of Countries in Western Europe. Regional voting blocs were formed in 1961 to encourage voting to various UN bodies from different regional groups. There were more asylum applications from Iraqis than in previous years. [5] The term was still in use in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. 992x756 / 299 Kb Go to Map. As the Roman domain expanded, a cultural and linguistic division appeared between the mainly Greek-speaking eastern provinces, which had formed the highly urbanized Hellenistic civilization, and the western territories, which in contrast largely adopted the Latin language. The countries of Western Europe have high standards of living compared with world standards. This map shows governmental boundaries, countries and their capitals in Western Europe. Western Europe is one of the richest regions of the world. To achieve these goals and deepen public understanding, offices in Europe maintain dialogue in donor countries with parliamentarians, civil society, business community, researchers and academia, and media. Map of Central Europe. List of countries in Europe. The non-EU countries of Western Europe are to a significant extent integrated into the EU’s internal market, in particular as concerns the members of the European Economic Area (Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein) and Switzerland, with relations being unparalleled in … France is the most popular country for tourists in the entire world – they welcomed 89 million visitors in 2017 – and for good reason. During the Cold War, Western Europe was a geographic and socio-political concept. Published. "Too much writing on the region has – consciously or unconsciously – clung to an outdated image of 'Eastern Europe', desperately trying to patch together political and social developments from Budapest to Bukhara or Tallinn to Tashkent without acknowledging that this Cold War frame of reference is coming apart at the seams. Romania 8. The term Far West became synonymous with Western Europe in China during the Ming dynasty. In 1948 the Treaty of Brussels was signed between Belgium, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. 3 Western Europe France. Many countries of Western Europe combine successful industry with abundant agriculture and a booming tourist trade. There are even geopolitical and cultural definitions of the term. There is really no clear answer, as there is no clear definition of Western Europe. The East–West Schism, which has lasted since the 11th century, divided Christianity in Europe, and consequently the world, into Western Christianity and Eastern Christianity. You won´t have to go far to find an English speaking country in Europe as there are over 370 million English speakers out of about 450 million EU residents! [citation needed]. 1% of world Combined Land area. Explore Western Europe holidays and discover the best time and places to visit. Those are ranked according to the size of their European part only. There are 44 countries in Europe today, according to the United Nations. Looking specifically at Western Europe, there are seven countries in total, though the debate never ends regarding which countries are actually part of Western Europe. These include history, economics, politics and geography. It includes ten sovereign nations.Eastern Europe is not an easily defined region. By Area, Largest to Smallest . Notes: Some of these countries are also considered part of Asia.Their names are given in italics and only their European area is given.. Not all states within the geographical region are part of the European Union, although member states are in the majority.Non-member states are marked with an asterisk (*). Western Europe map. Go back to see more maps of Europe This term had been used during World War II by German Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels and, later, Count Lutz Schwerin von Krosigk in the last days of the war; however, its use was hugely popularized by Winston Churchill, who used it in his famous "Sinews of Peace" address on 5 March 1946 at Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri: From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the Continent. As a result, most people here enjoy high living standards. Which Countries Are Considered to Be Southeast Asia? Europe is a continent comprised of fifty different countries. Eastern Europe was a conglomeration of countries that the USSR annexed and countries that were subservient to the USSR. The Italian Jesuit priest Matteo Ricci was one of the first writers in China to use the Far West as an Asian counterpart to the European concept of the Far East. 259.65 million. Rijksmuseum museum in Amsterdam. When one thinks of Scotland, the chequered kilts and bagpipes come to mind. Western European languages mostly fall within two Indo-European language families: the Romance languages, descended from the Latin of the Roman Empire; and the Germanic languages, whose ancestor language (Proto-Germanic) came from southern Scandinavia. A Philosophical Approach", "Atlas of the Historical Geography of the Holy Land", "Vodič kroz svet Vizantije (Guide to the Byzantine World)", "Regions, Regionalism, Eastern Europe by Steven Cassedy", http://www.cotf.edu/earthinfo/balkans/BKdef.html, Central Europe Review: Re-Viewing Central Europe By Sean Hanley, Kazi Stastna and Andrew Stroehlein, 1999, "Confirmed: Czech Republic is in Western Europe, says US textbook", "Europe :: Netherlands — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency", The European sub-regions according to the UN, List of countries where Arabic is an official language, Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests, Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows, Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine–oak forests, Sovereign states and dependent territories, Collective Security Treaty Organisation (CSTO), North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA), Customs Union of Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Russia (CUBKR), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Western_Europe&oldid=990087285, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Articles that may contain original research from September 2020, All articles that may contain original research, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2018, Articles needing additional references from May 2020, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 November 2020, at 19:04.