Photo: Chavezar , CC BY-SA 3.0 . [14][2] One notable site is the Baths of Moctezuma, which was a systems of tanks, reservoirs, canals and waterfalls constructed by the Aztecs. It's in an artsy neighborhood well known for its museums and restaurants. It also hosts temporary exhibits and academic conferences. Cuernavaca’s Popocatépetl and Iztaccíhuatl Volcanoes May 28, 2019. Suzanne Barbezat is a freelance writer specializing in Mexican travel, culture, and food. UNAM (Mexico's National Autonomous University). Considered one of the world’s oldest urban parks, it’s believed to have been set aside as green space in the 1300s, but wasn't officially protected until 1428 by King Nezahualcoyotl. Originally sited on the outskirts of the city, today this large forested area is completely surrounded by the urban center. [3] Hernán Cortés appropriated Chapultepec and granted the northern portion to Captain Juan Jaramillo, who would become the husband of La Malinche. Approximately 150 feral dogs were living in the small canyon areas of this section that year. Chapultepec Park has a fascinating history dating back to Prehispanic times. [1] The Spanish continued to use the Aztec aqueduct, but in 1771, another one was deemed necessary for the growing population of Mexico City. [2][3] After the Independence, the Castle remained for the elite, becoming the official residence of Mexico's heads of state, including the Emperor Maximilian, who had the Paseo de la Reforma built to connect this area with the historic center of the city. The park is a popular spot to visit throughout the week, but weekends and holidays are the busiest, and you can expect the park to be crowded, particularly on Sundays. [22], Throughout the first section, there are different kinds of trees; the most common one is the Montezuma cypress, locally called "ahuehuetes". [7] Of all of the museums in the park, the most famous is the National Museum of Anthropology, considered one of the most famous archeological museums in the world. [22], The Casa de Cultura Quinta Colorada was originally a former accommodation for the forest rangers of the area in the early 20th century. [2] It is the most developed area, and it has a wrought iron fence and gates that extend around its perimeter. [Whether it’s related to] sports, romance, family, recreational activities, [or] … [22], The Chapultepec Zoo is the most visited attraction of the park, especially on Sundays. This performance has been given since 1978 in warmer months. On Mondays, the first section is closed for maintenance. For the battle, see. During this time, the Castle and the gardens around it were enlarged and embellished a number of times, giving the Castle a floorspace of 10,000 m2 (110,000 sq ft). It measures 1,250 m2 (13,500 sq ft) and surrounds a statue of the Aztec ruler nine meters tall in black stone. The park is very large, stretching over 1,600 acres (4 square km), it is separated into three distinct sections. A huge green space at the heart of Mexico City, Chapultepec Park (or Bosque Chapultepec) is a popular area for chilangos and visitors alike to enjoy a wide range of activities and attractions. [2], Since then, the park has been expanded twice, adding the second section in 1964[8] and the third section ten years later. IT is one of the world's great urban parks, rivalling the Bois de Boulogne in Paris, the Imperial Gardens in Tokyo and Central Park in New York. Visit Mexico's National History Museum in Chapultepec Castle, The 10 Best Mexico City Neighborhoods to Explore, Must-Visit Museums in Mexico City's Chapultepec Park, Your Trip to Mexico City: The Complete Guide, Don't Miss These Museums on a Visit to Mexico City, Discover the National Museum of Anthropology in Mexico City, The Top 10 Sights & Attractions in Mexico City, The 8 Best Day Trips From Guadalajara, Mexico, How to See Lucha Libre Wrestling in Mexico City, Celebrate Hispanic Heritage Month in LA With These Cultural Events, TripSavvy uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience and for our.