1st Seoul Metropolitan Air Quality Improvement Plan. Gangnam / Nonhyeon / Yeoksam Accommodation, Seoul Education Research & Information Institute, LINE Friends Flagship Store Myeongdong Station, Surfing, Windsurfing & Kitesurfing in Seoul, Bukhansan National Park: Tickets & Tours‎, Myeongdong Shopping Street: Tickets & Tours‎, The War Memorial of Korea: Tickets & Tours‎, National Museum of Korea: Tickets & Tours‎, Lotte World Tower & Mall: Tickets & Tours‎, KTX (Korea Train Express): Tickets & Tours‎, Myeongdong NANTA Theater: Tickets & Tours‎. The Three Kingdoms of Korea strove to take control of this land, where the river was used as a trade route to China (via the Yellow Sea). Seoul proper comprises 605.25 km2 (233.69 sq mi),[2] with a radius of approximately 15 km (9 mi), roughly bisected into northern and southern halves by the Han River. In addition, Seoul hosts many embassies of countries it has diplomatic ties with. Seoul is within measurable distance of becoming the highest, most interesting and cleanest city in the East. Seoul Subway Metro Map 2018. [36], According to 2012 census data, the population of the Seoul area makes up around 20% of the total population of South Korea,[37] Seoul has become the economic, political and cultural hub of the country,[24] with several Fortune Global 500 companies, including Samsung, SK Holdings, Hyundai, POSCO and LG Group headquartered there.[38]. The Seoul Metropolitan Subway is a metropolitan railway system consisting of 23 rapid transit, light metro, commuter rail and people mover lines located in northwest South Korea. Listen to immersive commentary during visits to Imjingak Park, Dora Observatory, and other important landmarks. The Economist Intelligence Unitranked Seoul 15th in the list of "Overa… Seoul ranked 10th on the QS Best Student Cities 2019.[124]. [69] As of the end of June 2011, 10.29 million Republic of Korea citizens lived in the city. Seoul is home to various specialized schools, including three science high schools, and six foreign language High Schools. Finally, the Seoul branch of the National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, whose main museum is located in Gwacheon, opened in 2013, in Sogyeok-dong. In Amsa-dong Prehistoric Settlement Site, Gangdong District, neolithic remains were excavated and accidentally discovered by a flood in 1925.[106]. [68], As of 2016, the number of foreigners living in Seoul was 404,037, 22.9% of the total foreign population in South Korea. Hwagyesa and Bongeunsa are also major Buddhist temples in Seoul. [80] Major manufacturers are headquartered in the city, including Samsung, LG, Hyundai, Kia and SK. There are also various parks under construction or in project, such as the Gyeongui Line Forest Trail, Seoul Station 7017, Seosomun Memorial Park and Yongsan Park. Now ex-kepco 25-storey building is under demolition. Fines for Not Wearing Face Masks Effective Nov. 13, 2020. In the history of South Korean major professional sports league championships, which include the K League, KBO League, KBL, V-League, Seoul had multiple championships in a season two times, 1990 K League Classi Lucky-Goldstar FC (currently FC Seoul) and KBO League LG Twins in 1990, K League Classic FC Seoul and KBO League Doosan Bears in 2016.[121]. [29] In the late 19th century, after hundreds of years of isolation, Seoul opened its gates to foreigners and began to modernize. Seoul is surrounded by a mountainous and hilly landscape, with Bukhan Mountain located on the northern edge of the city. The traditional heart of Seoul is the old Joseon dynasty city, now the downtown area, where most palaces, government offices, corporate headquarters, hotels, and traditional markets are located. Due to its geography and to economic development policies, Seoul is a very polycentric city. Close COVID-19 information. Gimpo International Airport opened in 1939 as an airfield for the Japanese Imperial Army and opened for civil aircraft in 1957. It was only from this period that Seoul became a larger settlement. The latest measures are similar to distancing guidelines imposed from Aug. 30-Sept. 13 in the Seoul metropolitan area, following a sharp spike in new cases traced to mass demonstrations. The St. Nicholas Cathedral, but sometimes called bald church, is the only Byzantine-style church in Seoul. The section from Bupyeong-gu Office Station to Kkachiul Station on Subway Line 7 is outside of Seoul city limits. These buses connect Seoul with cities throughout South Korea. The N Seoul Tower is located at Namsan Park. Secondary schools generally require students to wear uniforms. [34] From the 1970s, the size of Seoul administrative area greatly expanded as it annexed a number of towns and villages from several surrounding counties. It runs through the central regions of Seoul city, Incheon station in the south-west, Soyosan Station … [65] Dong are also sub-divided into 13,787 tong (통; 統), which are further divided into 102,796 ban in total. Seoul's bus system is operated by the Seoul Metropolitan Government (S.M.G. [17], The city has been known in the past by the names Wiryeseong (Korean: 위례성; Hanja: 慰禮城, during the Baekje era), Hanyang (한양; 漢陽, during the Goryeo era), Hanseong (한성; 漢城, during the Joseon era), and Keijō (京城) or Gyeongseong (경성) during the period of annexation to Japan. The Independence Gate was built in 1897 to inspire an independent spirit. [21][22][23], Settlement of the Han River area, where present-day Seoul is located, began around 4000 BC. Winters are usually cold to freezing with average January high and low temperatures of 1.5 and −5.9 °C (34.7 and 21.4 °F) and are generally much drier than summers, with an average of 24.9 days of snow annually. Seoul Subway Map. Welfare, Health & Security News 11/25/2020 . This was a 0.24% decrease from the end of 2010. Cheonggyecheon, a stream that runs from west to east through the valley before emptying into the Han River, was for many years covered with concrete, but was recently restored by an urban revival project in 2005. owned enterprises. [61], Asian dust, emissions from Seoul and in general from the rest of South Korea, as well as emissions from China, all contribute to Seoul's air quality. Among them, Changdeokgung was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1997 as an "outstanding example of Far Eastern palace architecture and garden design". Wholesale markets include Noryangjin Fisheries Wholesale Market and Garak Market. In October 2012 KBS Hall in Seoul hosted major international music festivals – First ABU TV and Radio Song Festivals within frameworks of Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union 49th General Assembly. Each line has its own name and designated color, which makes it easy to use this mode of transportation. [24], Seoul is first recorded as Wiryeseong, the capital of Baekje (founded in 18 BC) in the northeastern area of modern Seoul. [83] It also hosts food giants like Seoul Dairy Cooperative, Nongshim Group, Ottogi, CJ, Orion, Maeil Holdings, Namyang Dairy Products and Lotte. Seoul Metropolitan Area subway system covers an expansive area, including Line 1 to 9 with additional lines, such as Sinbundang Line, Gyeongchun Line, Gyeongui-Jungang Line, Ever Line, Uisinseol Line, and more, branching throughout the metropolitan area. Royal Throne in Geunjeongjeon, inside Gyeongbok Palace. Its system dates back to the era of the Korean Empire, when the first streetcar lines were laid and a railroad linking Seoul and Incheon was completed. Yoido Full Gospel Church is a Pentecostal church affiliated with the Assemblies of God on Yeouido in Seoul. The city was later designated the capital of Korea under the Joseon dynasty. [25] The Fortress Wall of Seoul was built early in the Joseon dynasty for protection of the city. First time going solo and I made it. [90][91] Some shops for local designers have opened in Samcheong-dong, where numerous small art galleries are located. Service is good. For other uses, see, Special city in Seoul Capital, South Korea, Before 1972, Seoul was the "de jure" capital of the, South Korea's economy started to grow rapidly, Learn how and when to remove this template message, National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, List of diplomatic missions in South Korea, List of twin towns and sister cities in South Korea, "Worldwide Cost of Living 2017 – The Economist Intelligence Unit", Union of International Associations (UIA) International Meetings Statistics for the Year 2011, "MasterCard-Global Destination Cities index", "Chinese Naming Crisis Danger Opportunity Summer 2006 – Good Characters", "Early History of Electrical Engineering in Korea: Edison and First Electric Lighting in the Kingdom of Corea", "Seoul, South Korea Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)", "Statistical and dynamical characteristics of the urban heat island intensity in Seoul", "Seoul, South Korea - Detailed climate information and monthly weather forecast", "South Korea near bottom of world survey of air quality", "South Korea | Environmental Performance Index – Development", "Korea Wrestles with Growing Health Threat from Fined Dust", "Korea's Air Is Dirty, But It's Not All Close-Neighbor China's Fault", "[Feature] South Korea's odor pollution problem". In 2015, it was designated as a Seoul Future Heritage. [24], In 1945, the city was officially named Seoul, and was designated as a special city in 1949. It has a population of 25 million (as of 2017) and is ranked as the fifth largest metropolitan area in the world. [24] One estimate of the extensive damage states that after the war, at least 191,000 buildings, 55,000 houses, and 1,000 factories lay in ruins. This article is about the capital city of South Korea. well-mannered and the queuing systems to get on board the train work well. If you are a resident of another country or region, please select the appropriate version of Tripadvisor for your country or region in the drop-down menu. [57], Since the early 1960s, the Ministry of Environment has implemented a range of policies and air pollutant standards to improve and manage air quality for its people. [24] There are several city walls remaining in the area that date from this time. Temperatures below −20 °C (−4 °F) have been recorded. If you lost your mobile signal this app will still work ! [87] The nearby Namdaemun Market, named after the Namdaemun Gate, is the oldest continually running market in Seoul.[88]. Roads became paved and Western-style buildings were constructed. The bell signaled the different times of the day and controlled the four major gates to the city. Incheon International Airport is Asia's eighth busiest airport in terms of passengers, the world's fourth busiest airport by cargo traffic, and the world's eighth busiest airport in terms of international passengers in 2014. Seoul has the largest number of professional sports teams and facilities in South Korea. The Seoul Express Bus Terminal, Central City Terminal and Seoul Nambu Terminal are located in the district of Seocho District. For many Korean film lovers from all over the world, the Korean Film Archive is running the Korean Film Museum and Cinematheque KOFA in its main center located in Digital Media City(DMC), Sangam-dong. Gyeongbokgung, the main royal palace during Joseon Dynasty. The metro area population of Seoul in 2017 was 9,941,000, a 0.22% increase from 2016. Across the Han River are the newer and wealthier areas of Gangnam District, Seocho District and surrounding neighborhoods. SEOUL, Nov. 17 (Xinhua) -- South Korea decided Tuesday to raise its five-tier social-distancing rule by one notch in the Seoul metropolitan area amid the … The various lines are run by Korail, Seoul Metro, NeoTrans Co. Ltd., AREX, and Seoul Metro Line 9 Corporation. These gates include Sungnyemun and Heunginjimun, commonly known as Namdaemun (South Great Gate) and Dongdaemun (East Great Gate). Most major South Korean cities are linked via the KTX high-speed train, which has a normal operation speed of more than 300 km/h (186 mph). Seoul is a major center for sports in South Korea. There are also many buildings constructed with international styles in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. After World War II and Korea's liberation, the city took its present name, which originated from the Korean word meaning "capital city", which is believed to have descended from an ancient word, Seorabeol (Korean: 서라벌; Hanja: 徐羅伐), which originally referred to Gyeongju, the capital of Silla. The Han River and its surrounding area played an important role in Korean history. Seoul, officially known as the Seoul Special City, is the largest metropolis and capital of South Korea. Seoul is home of the major South Korean networks KBS, SBS, and MBC. The nationwide outbreak was being driven by clusters of infections in the densely populated Seoul metropolitan area, he said, home to around half of the country’s 52 million residents. Various high-rise office buildings and residential buildings, like the Gangnam Finance Center, the Tower Palace, Namsan Seoul Tower, and the Lotte World Tower, dominate the city's skyline. About Seoul: The Facts: Region: Seoul National Capital Area. In addition, Seoul introduced in 2015 a bicycle-sharing system named Ddareungi (and named Seoul Bike in English).[123]. Insadong is the cultural art market of Seoul, where traditional and modern Korean artworks, such as paintings, sculptures and calligraphy are sold. The Seoul Metropolitan Subway began operation in … [15] Seoul received over 10 million international visitors in 2014,[16] making it the world's 9th most visited city and 4th largest earner in tourism. Full Size English Versions. As of 2012[update], Seoul has hosted Ultra Music Festival Korea, an annual dance music festival that takes place on the 2nd weekend of June.[120]. A nationwide outbreak was being driven by clusters of infections in the densely populated Seoul metropolitan area, he said, home to around half of the country's 52 million residents. The Seoul National Capital Area also contains a green belt aimed at preventing the city from sprawling out into neighboring Gyeonggi Province. Its area is about 11,704 km (4,519 sq mi). Seoul Subway Map; Sinchon Area; Studios; Home › Seoul Subway Map. [18], During Japan's annexation of Korea, Hanseong (漢城) was renamed Keijō (京城) by the Imperial authorities to prevent confusion with the hanja '漢' (a transliteration of an ancient Korean word Han (한) meaning "great"), which also refers to Han people or the Han dynasty in Chinese and in Japanese is a term for "China".[19]. Intercity bus services are available to various destinations around the country. Seoul Station was opened in 1900 as Gyeongseong Station. It is located in Ahyeon-dong, Mapo District, and is cathedral of the Orthodox Metropolis of Korea. Other religions include Muism (indigenous religion) and Confucianism. Seoul (/soʊl/, like soul; Korean: 서울 [sʌ.ul] (listen); lit. Other recreation centers include the former Olympic and World Cup stadiums and the City Hall public lawn. [122] Seoul's most important streetcar line ran along Jongno until it was replaced by Line 1 of the subway system in the early 1970s. The 2nd World trade trade center is being planned at Seoul Olympic stadium complex as MICE HUB by Seoul city. [32] In 1904, an American by the name of Angus Hamilton visited the city and said, "The streets of Seoul are magnificent, spacious, clean, admirably made and well-drained. Seoul has many historical and cultural landmarks. The Joseon dynasty built the "Five Grand Palaces" in Seoul – Changdeokgung, Changgyeonggung, Deoksugung, Gyeongbokgung and Gyeonghuigung – all of which are located in Jongno and Jung Districts. The narrow, dirty lanes have been widened, gutters have been covered, roadways broadened. Our service will end an hour earlier at night as follows: Service reduction starts from April 1, 2020. Seoul was the host city of the 1986 Asian Games and 1988 Summer Olympics as well as one of the venues of the 2002 FIFA World Cup. Twitter. Air pollution is a major issue in Seoul. The Seoul Capital Area is the world’s second largest metropolitan area with over 25.6 million people. Incheon and Gimpo are linked to Seoul by expressway, and to each other by the AREX to Seoul Station. Other notable streets in downtown Seoul include Euljiro, Teheranno, Sejongno, Chungmuro, Yulgongno, and Toegyero. Cycling is becoming increasingly popular in Seoul and in the entire country. It opened to the public in April 2017. The traditional, labour-intensive manufacturing industries have been continuously replaced by information technology, electronics and assembly-type of industries;[80][81] however, food and beverage production, as well as printing and publishing remained among the core industries. [118][119] [115][116] The Seodaemun Prison is a former prison built during the Japanese occupation, and is used as a historic museum.[117]. The next highest group consisted of the 9,999 United States citizens who were not of Korean ancestry. The Wongudan altar was a sacrificial place where Korean rulers held heavenly rituals since the Three Kingdoms period. The main palace, Gyeongbokgung, underwent a large-scale restoration project. It also served as one of the host cities of the 2002 FIFA World Cup. Each subway line has a designated color to aid passengers in using the subway with ease. [78] The Economist Intelligence Unit ranked Seoul 15th in the list of "Overall 2025 City Competitiveness" regarding future competitiveness of cities.[79]. Adults, youths (13-19) and children (6-12). Seoullo Painting in Seoul Metro 1001 Train Seoul Transportation Corporation dba Seoul … [8] Seoul has a population of 9.7 million people, and forms the heart of the Seoul Capital Area with the surrounding Incheon metropolis and Gyeonggi province. SEOUL, Nov. 20 (Yonhap) -- Health authorities on Friday urged people to refrain from gatherings and outdoor activities, as the country's daily new coronavirus cases hovered above 300 for the third straight day and the greater Seoul area, home to half of the country's population, is … [72], Seoul is home to the world's largest modern university founded by a Buddhist Order, Dongguk University. [67] As of 2015, the population was 9.86 million,[68] in 2012, it was 10.44 million. more. Its metropolitan area was the most densely populated among OECD countries in Asia in 2012, and second worldwide after that of Paris. Seoul has a well developed transportation network. North of downtown is Bukhan Mountain, and to the south is the smaller Namsan. Seoul is divided into 25 gu (Korean: 구; Hanja: 區) (district). Some gu have only a few dong while others like Jongno District have a very large number of distinct neighbourhoods. With 607 stations, another record of Seoul Metro… [24], During the Korean War, Seoul changed hands between the Soviet/Chinese-backed North Korean forces and the American-backed South Korean forces several times, leaving the city heavily damaged after the war. [65] The gu vary greatly in area (from 10 to 47 km2 or 3.9 to 18.1 sq mi) and population (from fewer than 140,000 to 630,000). [39] The river is no longer actively used for navigation, because its estuary is located at the borders of the two Koreas, with civilian entry barred. One way to mitigate these problems was to promote mass transit. These areas are frequently sought after by people looking to escape from urban life on weekends and during vacations. "[33], After the annexation treaty in 1910, Japan annexed Korea and renamed the city Gyeongseong ("Kyongsong" in Korean and "Keijo" in Japanese). All together system consists of 24 lines and 580 stations. The former is operated by Seoul City Council and sits adjacent to Gyeonghuigung Palace, a Joseon dynasty royal palace. We will reduce operation hours of Seoul metro line one to eight in order to prevent the community transmission of the Covid-19 infection. [93], Times Square is one of Seoul's largest shopping malls featuring the CGV Starium, the world's largest permanent 35 mm cinema screen.[94]. Seoul, Nov 17 : South Korea on Tuesday decided to raise its five-tier social-distancing rule by one notch in the Seoul metropolitan area amid the Covid-19 resurgence in and around the capital city. Seoul, Nov 17 (IANS) South Korea on Tuesday decided to raise its five-tier social-distancing rule by one notch in the Seoul metropolitan area amid the Covid-19 resurgence in and around the capital city. Works offline, No internet connection required !! August, the hottest month, has average high and low temperatures of 32.6 and 23.4 °C (91 and 74 °F) with higher temperatures possible. Public transportation in the SMA consisted of the Metro (subway train) and bus transit. This was an 8.84% increase from the end of 2010 and a 12.85% increase from June 2010. Its 1st Seoul Metropolitan Air Quality Improvement Plan (2005–2014) focused on improving the concentrations of PM10 and nitrogen dioxide by reducing emissions. All the signs are easy to read especially if you have the Kakao apps. Tancheon stream and the nearby area serve as a large park with paths for both walkers and cyclists. MORE NEWS. "Korea's policy towards pollution and fine particle: a sense of urgency", "NASA jet gets a sniff of pollution over South Korea", "Regional population density: Asia and Oceania, 2012: Inhabitants per square kilometre, TL3 regions", "Seoul's Population Drops Below 10 Million for First Time in 25 Years", "1.76 million foreigners live in South Korea; 3.4% of population", "Korean Chinese account for nearly 70% of foreigners in Seoul", "South Korean mega-churches. Dongdaemun Design Plaza, designed by the Iraqi-British architect, Zaha Hadid. The population of the Seoul metropolitan area is about 10 million, the area is 605 km 2, and the population density is 17,275 persons/km 2. Seoul is in the northwest of South Korea. The government of each gu handles many of the functions that are handled by city governments in other jurisdictions. Sometimes, temperatures drop dramatically to below −10 °C (14 °F), and on some occasions as low as −15 °C (5 °F) in the mid winter period of January and February. Sajikdan, Munmyo and Dongmyo were built during the same period. 2nd Seoul Metropolitan Air Quality Improvement Plan. Originally, the city was entirely surrounded by a massive circular stone wall to provide its citizens security from wild animals, thieves and attacks. Seoul is home to the majority of South Korea's most prestigious universities, including Seoul National University, Yonsei University, Korea University. Seoul hosted the 1986 Asian Games, also known as Asiad, 1988 Olympic Games, and Paralympic Games. Ex-Kepco head office building was purchased by Hyundai motor group with 9billion USD to build 115-storey Hyundai GBC & hotel complex until 2021. Claim: The population of Seoul, South Korea, is about 38 million people. In 2016, 57,765,397 passengers used the airport. 5G will be introduced commercially in March 2019 in Seoul. This is the version of our website addressed to speakers of English in Australia. The festival is arranged under the Seoul Metropolitan Government. Offline Map of Metro Lines in Seoul Metropolitan Area, up to Date. It was also a focus for political dissent in the 1980s. The city was liberated by U.S. forces at the end of World War II. Line 1 connects larger parts of the Seoul National Capital Area. The city is bordered by eight mountains, as well as the more level lands of the Han River plain and western areas. Taking a ride on subway is a fast, convenient and cheap way to get around in Seoul and reach any area of the city. In 2008 the Worldwide Centers of Commerce Index ranked Seoul No.9. Cheonggyecheon, a stream that runs nearly 6 km (4 mi) through downtown Seoul, is popular among both Seoul residents and tourists. and most important: NO ADS at ALL !! Seoul has been described as the world's "most wired city",[95] ranked first in technology readiness by PwC's Cities of Opportunity report.