Cases diagnosed as listeriosis that were Preparing for your appointment. Listeriosis can be differentiated from pregnancy toxaemia in ewes or ketosis in cattle by careful clinical examination, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) changes, and 3-OH butyrate concentrations below 3.0 mmol/l. It’s also possible to catch listeriosis from sheep, cows, and goats around the time they give birth (DEFRA et al. It usually goes away on its own, but can cause serious problems if you're pregnant or have a weak immune system. Diagnosing listeriosis promptly can be challenging, as it can initially present clinically similar to many other gastrointestinal infections. Listeriosis can infect animals and humans alike. It also warns that on very rare occasions, Listeriosis can become more serious and develop into meningitis or septicaemia. Infected goats can become latently infected and can shed the virus during times of stress. The organism can be shed in the milk of normal carrier goats as well as sick goats and the zoonotic potential (transmission to humans) of listeriosis is a concern. Not all fetuses contain lesions or virus, so multiple fetuses should be submitted. Sheep are particularly sensitive to the bacteria. monocytogenes are gram-positive, extremely antibiotic-resistant coccoid to bacillus-shaped bacteria found in the environment. The bacteria Listeria monocytogenes is responsible for the infection. When presented with a ruminant with unilateral neurological deficits, listeriosis is the primary differential. Listeria infections are associated with a high mortality rate, and thus effective antibiotic treatment is essential. If you have eaten food that has been recalled because of listeria contamination, see a doctor only if you have signs and symptoms of a listeria infection. These findings indicate that streptavidin-biotin immu- noperoxidase staining for L. monocytogenes in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections of brain is an accurate and specific technique that can be used for the rapid diagnosis of listeriosis. During pregnancy, prompt antibiotic treatment might help keep the infection from affecting the baby. Diagnosis of listeriosis is based on veterinary examination of the live animal. Most commonly, this disease of sheep and goats is observed as a result of feeding moldy or spoiled hay or silage. How you catch listeriosis. Treatment. This paper describes the clinical findings and treatment of 67 sheep and goats with listeriosis. Some animals may have paralyzed face muscles. These bacteria can be found in the soil, food sources and even the feces of healthy animals. If you put the animal in a shared barn stall or other communal place, it should be completely sterilized before other goats have access to it. Listeriosis is an important infectious disease of goats most commonly causing encephalitis, but also capable of causing blood poisoning and abortion. Signs of disease are mainly seen in ruminants, such as cattle, goats, and sheep. goats. Introduction . It can cause encephalitis, meningoencephalitis, septicaemia, abortion and stillbirths in cattle. Histopathology samples may detect micro-abscesses in the brain. This bacterium can live almost anywhere--in soil, manure piles, and grass. Angora breed goats and other goats that browse heavily (3,9,10). Sylvaine Lacrosse BVetMed MRCVS, Molecare Veterinary Services. 2015, NHS 2015b). In 55 of them the diagnosis was made on the basis of the typical signs, which included vestibular ataxia, circling, head tilt and unilateral cranial nerve deficits, but in 12 animals a definitive diagnosis was made only after postmortem examination. Not all fetuses contain lesions or virus, so multiple fetuses should be submitted. Cattle, on the contrary, have a more chronic disease with survival for 4-14 days and potential spontaneous recovery with lasting brain damage. Diagnosis. Listeriosis Diagnosis. A presumptive diagnosis can be made on history and clinical signs but in dead goats diagnosis is more difficult. Affected animals will have a fever and a poor appetite and will appear depressed. Affected goats manifest incoordination, facial paralysis, circling, loss of appetite, and depression. Another ABC article warns that sepsis, another diagnosis that can be mistaken for gastro, takes 5,000 Australian lives each year. Definitive diagnosis is by identification of CpHV 1 by isolation, PCR, or immunologic staining methods. Diagnosis is based on the microscopic agglutination test (MAT) and the ELISA. Treatment and Prevention. In a previous study in 5 goats with experimentally induced listeriosis, severe infections occurred in the youngest animals (4). The diagnosis rests on isolation of the micro-organism or rising agglutinin titers in the serum.