The Mugunghwa and Saemaeul trains also stop at all major stations. Three new modern landmarks of Seoul are Dongdaemun Design Plaza & Park, designed by Zaha Hadid, the new wave-shaped Seoul City Hall, by Yoo Kerl of iArc, and the Lotte World Tower, the 5th tallest building in the world designed by Kohn Pederson Fox. One way to mitigate these problems was to promote mass transit. Other recreation centers include the former Olympic and World Cup stadiums and the City Hall public lawn. The government of each gu handles many of the functions that are handled by city governments in other jurisdictions. Seoul Metropolitan Area to Level 2 Effective Nov.24. Most major South Korean cities are linked via the KTX high-speed train, which has a normal operation speed of more than 300 km/h (186 mph). Areas around streams serve as public places for relaxation and recreation. Offline Map of Metro Lines in Seoul Metropolitan Area, up to Date. Other notable streets in downtown Seoul include Euljiro, Teheranno, Sejongno, Chungmuro, Yulgongno, and Toegyero. With approximately 830,000 members (2007), it is the largest Pentecostal Christian congregation in the world, which has been recognized by the Guinness Book of World Records. This was a 0.24% decrease from the end of 2010. [69] As of the end of June 2011, 10.29 million Republic of Korea citizens lived in the city. In addition, Seoul introduced in 2015 a bicycle-sharing system named Ddareungi (and named Seoul Bike in English).[123]. Compulsory education lasts from grade 1–9 (six years of elementary school and 3 years of middle school). Gangnam / Nonhyeon / Yeoksam Accommodation, Seoul Education Research & Information Institute, LINE Friends Flagship Store Myeongdong Station, Surfing, Windsurfing & Kitesurfing in Seoul, Bukhansan National Park: Tickets & Tours‎, Myeongdong Shopping Street: Tickets & Tours‎, The War Memorial of Korea: Tickets & Tours‎, National Museum of Korea: Tickets & Tours‎, Lotte World Tower & Mall: Tickets & Tours‎, KTX (Korea Train Express): Tickets & Tours‎, Myeongdong NANTA Theater: Tickets & Tours‎. [8] Seoul has a population of 9.7 million people, and forms the heart of the Seoul Capital Area with the surrounding Incheon metropolis and Gyeonggi province. Seoul Subway Map. This APP Helps to save your data while you are in commute. Among the city's national museum, The National Museum of Korea is the most representative of museums in not only Seoul but all of South Korea. [113][114], The War Memorial, one of nine municipal museums in Seoul, offers visitors an educational and emotional experience of various wars in which Korea was involved, including Korean War themes. Among them, Changdeokgung was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1997 as an "outstanding example of Far Eastern palace architecture and garden design". The Wongaksa Pagoda 10 tier pagoda is located In Tapgol Park, a small public park with an area of 19,599 m2 (210,962 sq ft). Seoul's most well-known football club is FC Seoul. [24] There are several city walls remaining in the area that date from this time. Bukchon Hanok Village and Namsangol Hanok Village are old residential districts consisting of hanok Korean traditional houses, parks, and museums that allows visitors to experience traditional Korean culture. Taekwondo is South Korea's national sport and Seoul is the location of the Kukkiwon, the world headquarters of taekwondo, as well as the World Taekwondo Federation. [76] In 2008 the Worldwide Centers of Commerce Index ranked Seoul No.9. The Seoul Metropolitan Subway began operation in … For God and country", "Geographical Features of Social Polarization in Seoul, South Korea", "Hot Spots 2025: Benchmarking the Future Competitiveness of Cities", "The primacy of Seoul and the capital region", "It's official: Jinro soju is the world's best-selling liquor", "Neon shines brightly during the bustle on Yeouido stock street", "Yongsan Electronics Market, Asia's largest IT shopping mall", "50 reasons why Seoul is world's greatest city", "KOREA: Future is now for Korean info-tech", "Tech capitals of the world – Technology", akamai's [state of the internet] Q4 2016 report, "Hi Seoul, SOUL OF ASIA – Seoul Located In the Center of Asian Metropolises", "Seoul's Cheonggyecheon Stream symbolizes Korea's past, present and tomorrow", "Sungnyemun to open to great fanfare after more than five years of renovation", "Expanded Operation of Seoul Bike "Ddareungi, South Korea cities with a 200,000+ population, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Seoul&oldid=991214784, Special Cities and Metropolitan Cities of South Korea, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with Korean-language sources (ko), Articles with dead external links from September 2018, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text, Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text, Articles needing additional references from January 2009, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2010, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2012, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2010, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2009, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source: Korea Meteorological Administration, This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 22:18. Do note, however, that it can be very crowded at peak times. Seoul Olympic Park, located in Songpa District and built to host the 1988 Summer Olympics is Seoul's largest park. There is an exit exam for graduating from high school and many students proceeding to the university level are required to take the College Scholastic Ability Test that is held every November. There are nine major subway lines stretching for more than 250 km (155 mi), with one additional line planned. I have a question for people who has travelled to korea. Seoul is the strongest hotspot of greenhouse gas emissions in the country and according to satellite data, the persistent carbon dioxide anomaly over the city is one of the strongest in the world.[64]. [63], Besides air quality, greenhouse gas emissions represent hot issues in South Korea since the country is among top-10 strongest emitters in the world. August, the hottest month, has average high and low temperatures of 32.6 and 23.4 °C (91 and 74 °F) with higher temperatures possible. With 2,5 billion passenges per year is the world’s busiest subway. Seoul, Nov 17 : South Korea on Tuesday decided to raise its five-tier social-distancing rule by one notch in the Seoul metropolitan area amid the Covid-19 resurgence in and around the capital city. Japanese technology was imported, the city walls were removed, some of the gates demolished. Roads became paved and Western-style buildings were constructed. [85] The Seoul international finance center & SIFC MALL, Hanhwa 63 building, the Hanhwa insurance company head office. The former is operated by Seoul City Council and sits adjacent to Gyeonghuigung Palace, a Joseon dynasty royal palace. Seoul is home to one of the world's largest Christian congregations, Yoido Full Gospel Church, which has around 830,000 members. It is the oldest royal Confucian shrine preserved and the ritual ceremonies continue a tradition established in the 14th century. Works offline, No internet connection required !! [24], In 1945, the city was officially named Seoul, and was designated as a special city in 1949. Seoul Metropolitan Office of Education comprises 235 College-Preparatory High Schools, 80 Vocational Schools, 377 Middle Schools, and 33 Special Education Schools as of 2009[update]. The Yongsan Electronics Market is the largest electronics market in Asia. Dongdaemun Design Plaza, designed by the Iraqi-British architect, Zaha Hadid. Public transportation in the SMA consisted of the Metro (subway train) and bus transit. Seoul has a well developed transportation network. In the history of South Korean major professional sports league championships, which include the K League, KBO League, KBL, V-League, Seoul had multiple championships in a season two times, 1990 K League Classi Lucky-Goldstar FC (currently FC Seoul) and KBO League LG Twins in 1990, K League Classic FC Seoul and KBO League Doosan Bears in 2016.[121]. All together system consists of 24 lines and 580 stations. It has a population of 25 million (as of 2017) and is ranked as the fifth largest metropolitan area in the world. A nationwide outbreak was being driven by clusters of infections in the densely populated Seoul metropolitan area, he said, home to around half of the country's 52 million residents. The traditional heart of Seoul is the old Joseon dynasty city, now the downtown area, where most palaces, government offices, corporate headquarters, hotels, and traditional markets are located. [61], Asian dust, emissions from Seoul and in general from the rest of South Korea, as well as emissions from China, all contribute to Seoul's air quality. Yoido Full Gospel Church is a Pentecostal church affiliated with the Assemblies of God on Yeouido in Seoul. And Yakhyeon Catholic Church in Jungnim-dong, Jung District is first Catholic parish in Korea. [51][52][53][54] According to the 2016 World Health Organization Global Urban Ambient Air Pollution Database,[55] the annual average PM2.5 concentration in 2014 was 24 micrograms per cubic metre (1.0×10−5 gr/cu ft), which is 2.4 times higher than that recommended by the WHO Air Quality Guidelines[56] for the annual mean PM2.5. Seoul is home to 115 museums,[110] including four national and nine official municipal museums. Good for Seoul locals and tourists. In addition, a flood of refugees had entered Seoul during the war, swelling the population of the city and its metropolitan area to an estimated 1.5 million by 1955. Only for the Seoul Metropolitan Area (KRW 55,000) Use up to 60 times within 30 days after purchase; Prepaid tickets are valid only for Seoul Metro Lines 1 ~ 9 and for rail sections operated by KORAIL and AREX within the Seoul area. But I found people here is not friendly. The Seoul Capital Area is the world’s second largest metropolitan area with over 25.6 million people. email. Metropolitan population: 25,000,000. It is also the 4th highest building in the world. In the 11th century Goryeo, which succeeded Unified Silla, built a summer palace in Seoul, which was referred to as the "Southern Capital". [52][62] A partnership between researchers in South Korea and the United States is conducting an international air quality field study in Korea (KORUS-AQ) to determine how much each source contributes. NEWS. There are also various parks under construction or in project, such as the Gyeongui Line Forest Trail, Seoul Station 7017, Seosomun Memorial Park and Yongsan Park. Tancheon stream and the nearby area serve as a large park with paths for both walkers and cyclists. [35], Until 1972, Seoul was claimed by North Korea as its de jure capital, being specified as such in Article 103 of the 1948 North Korean constitution. The city has grown beyond those walls and although the wall no longer stands (except along Bugaksan Mountain (Korean: 북악산; Hanja: 北岳山), north of the downtown area[27]), the gates remain near the downtown district of Seoul, including most notably Sungnyemun (commonly known as Namdaemun) and Heunginjimun (commonly known as Dongdaemun). The Economist Intelligence Unitranked Seoul 15th in the list of "Overa… The metropolis exerts a major influence in global affairs as one of the five leading hosts of global conferences. Although Buddhism was suppressed by the Joseon state, it has continued its existence. The various lines are run by Korail, Seoul Metro, NeoTrans Co. Ltd., AREX, and Seoul Metro Line 9 Corporation. Seoul has a comprehensive urban railway network of 21 rapid transit, light metro and commuter lines that interconnects every district of the city and the surrounding areas of Incheon, Gyeonggi province, western Gangwon province, and northern Chungnam province. Adults, youths (13-19) and children (6-12). [67] As of 2015, the population was 9.86 million,[68] in 2012, it was 10.44 million. Its 1st Seoul Metropolitan Air Quality Improvement Plan (2005–2014) focused on improving the concentrations of PM10 and nitrogen dioxide by reducing emissions. Sometimes, temperatures drop dramatically to below −10 °C (14 °F), and on some occasions as low as −15 °C (5 °F) in the mid winter period of January and February. Listen to immersive commentary during visits to Imjingak Park, Dora Observatory, and other important landmarks. [103] Jongno street, meaning "Bell Street", has been a principal street and one of the earliest commercial streets of the city,[104][105] on which one can find Bosingak, a pavilion containing a large bell. This map also includes Incheon Metro system and the Shinbundang Line covering the Seoul metropolitan area. Strategically located along the Han River, Seoul's history stretches back over two thousand years, when it was founded in 18 BC by the people of Baekje, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. Considered to be a global city, Seoul was the world's 4th largest metropolitan economy in 2014 after Tokyo, New York City and Los Angeles. The 2nd World trade trade center is being planned at Seoul Olympic stadium complex as MICE HUB by Seoul city. After World War II and Korea's liberation, the city took its present name, which originated from the Korean word meaning "capital city", which is believed to have descended from an ancient word, Seorabeol (Korean: 서라벌; Hanja: 徐羅伐), which originally referred to Gyeongju, the capital of Silla. "[33], After the annexation treaty in 1910, Japan annexed Korea and renamed the city Gyeongseong ("Kyongsong" in Korean and "Keijo" in Japanese). [87] The nearby Namdaemun Market, named after the Namdaemun Gate, is the oldest continually running market in Seoul.[88]. Seoul is within measurable distance of becoming the highest, most interesting and cleanest city in the East. Pungnap Toseong is a flat earthen wall built at the edge of the Han River, which is widely believed to be the site of Wiryeseong. How much have you spended for a week ? Seoul is a member of the Asian Network of Major Cities 21 and the C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group. [89] Hwanghak-dong Flea Market and Janganpyeong Antique Market also offer antique products. The city was liberated by U.S. forces at the end of World War II. [78] The Economist Intelligence Unit ranked Seoul 15th in the list of "Overall 2025 City Competitiveness" regarding future competitiveness of cities.[79]. Seoul has many large intercity/express bus terminals. [112] The National Palace Museum of Korea is also located on the grounds of the Gyeongbokgung Palace. The N Seoul Tower is located at Namsan Park. In addition, in order to cope with the various modes of transport, Seoul's metropolitan government employs several mathematicians to coordinate the subway, bus, and traffic schedules into one timetable. [83] It also hosts food giants like Seoul Dairy Cooperative, Nongshim Group, Ottogi, CJ, Orion, Maeil Holdings, Namyang Dairy Products and Lotte. Some regional lines in the network stretch out beyond the Seoul Metropolitan Area to rural areas in … Urban and civil planning was a key concept when Seoul was first designed to serve as a capital in the late 14th century. Population: ~ 10,000,000. Book your tickets online for Seoul Metro, Seoul: See 12,706 reviews, articles, and 2,481 photos of Seoul Metro, ranked No.1 on Tripadvisor among 978 attractions in Seoul. This was an 8.84% increase from the end of 2010 and a 12.85% increase from June 2010. Temperatures below −20 °C (−4 °F) have been recorded. Electronics markets are Gangbyeon station metro line 2 Techno mart, ENTER6 MALL & Shindorim station Technomart mall complex. Fines for Not Wearing Face Masks Effective Nov. 13, 2020. Claim: The population of Seoul, South Korea, is about 38 million people. New social-distancing measures will come into effect for the greater Seoul area on Thursday, as officials warn of an even bigger crisis if anti-Covid-19 efforts fail to dampen a … The most numerous are Presbyterian, but there are also many Methodist and Baptist churches. This megacity is the largest city proper in the developed world and the Seoul Capital Area is the second largest metropolitan in the world with more than 25.6 million people, which is half of all the residents in the country. The population of Seoul has been dropping since the early 1990s, the reasons being the high costs of living, urban sprawling to Gyeonggi region's satellite bed cities and an aging population. [77] The Global Financial Centres Index in 2015 listed Seoul as the 6th financially most competitive city in the world. The metro area population of Seoul in 2018 was 9,963,000, a 0.22% increase from 2017. SEOUL, Nov. 24 (Xinhua) -- South Korea will raise its social-distancing rules to the third-highest level for two weeks from Tuesday through Dec. 7 in the Seoul metropolitan area amid the soaring COVID-19 cases in the capital area. The Seoul Metropolitan Area (SMA) suffered from severe congestion and auto-related pollution in the early 2000s. Despite the city's population density, Seoul has a large quantity of parks. The Seoul Metropolitan Government monitors and publicly shares real-time air quality data. Enjoy the highlights of the DMZ and get back to Seoul in time for lunch on a guided group tour. Like any public transport system, it can get extremely busy but what do you expect. Twitter. Seoul Subway Map; Sinchon Area; Studios; Home › Seoul Subway Map. Hanhwa is one of the three largest South Korean insurance companies, along with Samsung Life and Gangnam & Kyobo life insurance group. The bell signaled the different times of the day and controlled the four major gates to the city. [24], Seoul is first recorded as Wiryeseong, the capital of Baekje (founded in 18 BC) in the northeastern area of modern Seoul. In this way the Roman Catholic Church has a very strong influence in Korean society. The other large palace, Changdeokgung, constructed in 1405, served as the main royal palace from 1611 to 1872. The Tteok & Kitchen Utensil Museum and Kimchi Field Museum provide information regarding Korean culinary history. A city can be defined by the inhabitants of its demographic population, as by metropolitan area, labour market area, or similar in a metropolitan area. The city is bordered by eight mountains, as well as the more level lands of the Han River plain and western areas. [24] When Joseon replaced Goryeo, the capital was moved to Seoul (also known as Hanyang or Hanseong), where it remained until the fall of the dynasty. [29] In the late 19th century, after hundreds of years of isolation, Seoul opened its gates to foreigners and began to modernize. Hi! Seoul is also home to the world's largest indoor amusement park, Lotte World. Although there is a test for non-high school graduates, called school qualification exam, most Koreans take the test. Since its establishment in 1945, the museum has built a collection of 220,000 artifacts. Service is good. Location: City: Seoul, Republic of Korea (South Korea) Name: Metropolitan Area: IATA: SEL: Details: Type: Metropolitan Area: Latitude: … The only problem is too many people are gathering on one subway train. Historically, the city was during the Joseon dynasty bounded by the Seoul Fortress Wall, which stretched between the four main mountains in central Seoul: Namsan, Naksan, Bukhansan and Inwangsan. Seoul ranked 10th on the QS Best Student Cities 2019.[124]. [122] Seoul's most important streetcar line ran along Jongno until it was replaced by Line 1 of the subway system in the early 1970s. 'Capital'), officially the Seoul Special City, is the capital[7] and largest metropolis of South Korea. Posted on December 13, 2013 by chris Posted in — 1 Comment ↓ Facebook. The area that was the old capital in the Joseon dynasty, and mostly comprises Jongno District and Jung District, constitutes the historical and political center of the city. Due to its geography and to economic development policies, Seoul is a very polycentric city. [92] The Gangnam district is one of the most affluent areas in Seoul[92] and is noted for the fashionable and upscale Apgujeong-dong and Cheongdam-dong areas and the COEX Mall. [70] As of June 2011, 186,631 foreigners were Chinese citizens of Korean ancestry. First time going solo and I made it. Wholesale markets include Noryangjin Fisheries Wholesale Market and Garak Market. The Seoul Museum of Art and Ilmin Museum of Art have preserved the appearance of the old building that is visually unique from the neighboring tall, modern buildings. [28] During the Joseon dynasty, the gates were opened and closed each day, accompanied by the ringing of large bells at the Bosingak belfry. [24], During the Korean War, Seoul changed hands between the Soviet/Chinese-backed North Korean forces and the American-backed South Korean forces several times, leaving the city heavily damaged after the war. The city was later designated the capital of Korea under the Joseon dynasty. ), with four primary bus configurations available servicing most of the city. Finally, the Seoul branch of the National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, whose main museum is located in Gwacheon, opened in 2013, in Sogyeok-dong. Jogyesa is the headquarters of the Jogye Order of Korean Buddhism. In 2017 the Seoullo 7017 Skypark opened, spanning diagonally overtop Seoul Station. Beside the palaces, Unhyeongung is known for being the royal residence of Regent Daewongun, the father of Emperor Gojong at the end of the Joseon Dynasty. The Seoul Metropolitan Subway distinguishes the fare that its passengers have to pay on the basis of three separate categories. Cheonggyecheon, a stream that runs nearly 6 km (4 mi) through downtown Seoul, is popular among both Seoul residents and tourists. Seoul metropolitan subway line 1 was built during 1971-74 and opened to public on 15 August 1974. [42] Summers are generally hot and humid, with the East Asian monsoon taking place from June until September.