A link has been sent to your friend's email address. As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 25,478 people, 11,016 households, and 5,463 families residing in Key West. [84], Key West was flooded with refugees during the Mariel Boatlift. Mayors of Key West have reflected the city's cultural and ethnic heritage. The decision was met with opponents who claimed that it would disrupt the tradition of watching the sunset at Mallory Square. The median age was 39 years. [64], In 2020, Key West voters approved three amendments to the City Charter which prohibit large cruise ships, limit daily disembarkations, and prioritize cruise ships with superior public health and environmental records. "'The Most Exotic of Our Cities': Race, Place, Writing, and George Allan England's Key West". Let friends in your social network know what you are reading about. In 1982, the city of Key West briefly asserted independence as the Conch Republic as a protest over a United States Border Patrol blockade. Many were sons and daughters of Loyalists who fled to the nearest Crown soil during the American Revolution. The Evrima also offers a 2-story loft suite with the sleeping chamber on the lower level. One of the most sought after eating fish in the Gulf of Mexico. Key West votes to ban large cruise ships from docking, limit cruise visitors to 1,500 per day United States - Miami Beach or Key West? Greene is the only one of the four "founding fathers" to establish himself permanently on the island, where he became quite prominent as head of P.C. March 22, 2011 0. Hispanic or Latino persons of any race were 16.54% of the population. MTV's The Real World: Key West was filming during the hurricane and deals with the storm. The warmest ocean waters anywhere on the United States mainland are found in the Florida Keys in winter, with sea surface temperatures averaging in the 75–77 °F (24–25 °C) range in December through February. Direct flights or connections to Key West International Airportare available from many cities. Anglers can read about proper catch-and-release techniques which are important when sport fish cannot be kept because of the fish's size or a closed season. [82] The true original meaning of Conch applies only to someone with European ancestry who immigrated from the Bahamas, however. [31] Fortifications such as Fort Zachary Taylor,[32] the East Martello Tower,[33] and the West Martello Tower,[34] helped ensure that Key West would remain in Union control throughout the Civil War. When considering their health records, Key West will look at each cruise line's inspection scores and violations from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Vessel Sanitation Program. John W. Simonton lobbied the U.S. government to establish a naval base on Key West, both to take advantage of its strategic location and to bring law and order to the Key West town. [86], NAS Key West, Boca Chica and the Truman Annex have been the home of U.S. ships, submarines, Pegasus-class hydrofoils and Fighter Training Squadrons like the VF101 detachment. The Academy Award-winning film version of his play The Rose Tattoo was shot on the island in 1956. Hardware store owner Charles Thompson introduced him to deep-sea fishing. This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 21:24. Official records for Key West were kept at the Weather Bureau in downtown from January 1871 to February 1958, and at Key West Int'l since March 1958. Food Value: Outstanding table fare. The names of the four "founding fathers"[20] of modern Key West were given to main arteries of the island when it was first platted in 1829 by William Adee Whitehead, John Whitehead's younger brother. Mambi International Group (Chartered by HavanaAir) A Chronological History of Key West A Tropical Island City, Stephen Nichols, 3rd ed. John Whitehead, his friend who had advised him to buy Key West. In its 2020 report card, Friends of the Earth gave Disney a B-, the highest grade of any line. The median income for a household was $43,021, and the median income for those classified as families was $50,895. The Key West area has 11 FM radio stations, 4 FM translators, and 2 AM stations. © 2020 USA TODAY, a division of Gannett Satellite Information Network, LLC. William Whitehead became chief editorial writer for the "Enquirer", a local newspaper, in 1834. The Tennessee Williams Theatre is located on the campus of Florida Keys Community College on Stock Island. Barnett, William C. "Inventing the Conch Republic: The Creation of Key West as an Escape from Modern America". It is said that the island was littered with the remains (bones) of prior native inhabitants, who used the isle as a communal graveyard. The average size for the 80 identified species of parrotfish is 1-4 feet and they can live up to 7 years. ", "Literary Nonprofit Buys Elizabeth Bishop's Key West Home", Still Rockin' In Jimmy Buffett's Key West Margaritaville, "A Very Happy 50th Birthday To 'The Very Hungry Caterpillar, "Freed Slave Sandy Cornish Gets a Marker in Cemetery", Mel Fisher, 76, a Treasure Hunter Who Got Rich Undersea, Key West: The fun begins where the road ends, "Ex-Texas Tech coach Mike Leach expects return to coaching", Baseball Bat, Fishing Pole Both Valuable to Boog, "Shel Silverstein, 66, Children's book author. Pictured here is the owner's suite, which features a large balcony, living room and dining area. Key West is about 95 miles (153 km) north of Cuba at their closest points. For other uses, see, "Cayo Hueso" redirects here. This is driven primarily by Key West's relative dryness in May, June and July. Key West is the last island in a chain of islands extending southwest of Miami FL that one can drive to. The island is about 4 miles (6 km) long and 1 mile (2 km) wide, with a total land area of 4.2 square miles (10.9 km2; 2,688.0 acres). After Florida was transferred to the United States in 1821, Salas was so eager to sell the island that he sold it twice – first for a sloop valued at $575 to a General John Geddes, a former governor of South Carolina, and then to a U.S. businessman John W. Simonton, during a meeting in a Havana café on January 19, 1822, for the equivalent of $2,000 in pesos in 1821. State Limits & Regulations . The first Key you’ll hit along the Overseas Highway is Key Largo.If you’re in need stretch your legs, stop at the Florida Keys Overseas Heritage Trail.Spanning mile markers (MM) 54.5 to 58.5 bayside, the eight-foot-wide Grassy Key Bikeway is landscaped and furnished with a split-rail fence as well as bollards to prohibit automobile access. Another landmark built by the federal government is the Key West Lighthouse, now a museum. [14] This island was the westernmost Key with a reliable supply of water. The third well-known Key West safe place is located south on Highway 1 in a two-mile radius around the Southern Keys Cemetery. The amendments, sponsored by the Key West Committee for Safer, Cleaner Ships, passed with 61% to 81% approval. The mail route was known as the Key West, Florida – Havana Mail Route. [52], Dwight D. Eisenhower stayed at the Little White House following a heart attack in 1955. [62], In 2013, a referendum to widen the ship channel was defeated by 73% of voters. Flown into EYW a few times. [23] Salt production resumed at the end of the war, but the industry was destroyed by an 1876 hurricane and never recovered, in part because of new salt mines on the mainland.[23]. Many small blue and yellow lines on head. "We hope to have that opportunity in Key West.". "Most importantly, it will change the very nature of the community. I bought a 8 1/2 by 11 laminated picture guide of the local fish at Murray Marine on Stock Island. Island 107.1 FM is the only locally owned, independent FM station in Key West, featuring alternative rock music and community programs. [24], By 1889, Key West was the largest and wealthiest city in Florida.[22]. Playful features on Virgin Voyage’s adults-only Scarlet Lady include hammocks with “terrace” staterooms. Anything from small, quaint hotels, motels to unique Key West Guesthouses and Inns, Key West … Please check with the airlines for the latest flight and route information. [12] The Key West International Airport provides airline service. Key West is a port of call for many passenger cruise ships. [38], Several historical residences of the Curry family remain extant, including the Benjamin Curry House, built by the brother of Florida's first millionaire, William Curry,[39] as well as the Southernmost House and the Fogarty Mansion, built by the children of William Curry—his daughter Florida and son Charles, respectively. Key West and most of the rest of the Florida Keys are on the dividing line between the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico. Optionally, you could fly into Key West International Airport (EYW). [70] The surge destroyed tens of thousands of cars throughout the lower Keys, and many houses were flooded with one to two feet (thirty to sixty-one centimeters) of sea water. The unexpectedly high cost prompted Hemingway to put a penny in the wet cement of the patio, saying, "Here, take the last penny I've got!" The period from November through April is normally sunny and quite dry, with only 25 percent of the annual rainfall occurring. The portion of U.S. 1 through the Keys is called the Overseas Highway. [79], As of 2000, 76.66% spoke English as a first language, while Spanish was spoken by 17.32%, 1.06% spoke Italian, 1.02% spoke French, and German spoken as a mother tongue was at 0.94% of the population. The city council is known as the city commission. Michael Hopper, owner of the Southernmost House Hotel and the Seaside Café, was not one of the voters in favor of the initiatives aiming to limit cruise activity in the area.Â, "It will severely damage the economy at a time when the economy is extremely fragile," Hopper told USA TODAY. Guests on the Crystal Endeavor can lounge around an indoor pool between expeditions. Of all households, 31.4% were made up of individuals, and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. During the American Civil War, while Florida seceded and joined the Confederate States of America, Key West remained in U.S. Union hands because of the naval base. The last Native American residents of Key West were Calusa refugees who were taken to Cuba when Florida was transferred from Spain to Great Britain in 1763. It will now begin sailing in April 2021. On March 25, 1822, Lt. The bedroom is located right off the living area in the owner's suite. Evrima's 298 guests stay in 149 suites with balconies. Grunts serves the coldest beer in Key West with an eclectic selection of … The Key West Historic District includes the major tourist destinations of the island, including Mallory Square, Duval Street, the Truman Annex and Fort Zachary Taylor. Naval Air Station Key West is an important year-round training site for naval aviation due to the tropical weather, which is also the reason Key West was chosen as the site of President Harry S. Truman's Winter White House. [60], The Port of Key West includes Key West Bight, Garrison Bight at City Marina, as well as three docks utilized by cruise ships.[61]. To get to Key West, upon arriving at Miami, jump on US1 south, and drive!!! In 1919, a hurricane destroyed the library. The monument is labeled "Southernmost point continental U.S.A.", though Whitehead Spit is the actual southernmost point of Key West, on the Truman Annex property just west of the buoy. [92] Key West Montessori Charter School is a district-sanctioned charter school on Key West Island. [94], This article is about the island and city in Florida. The new ship features a two-level pool deck, including a sky ride that gives passengers a bird's-eye view. May through October is normally the wet season. Key West, Florida is still as colorful as ever and you’ll need this Key West Travel Guide to maximize every waking minute in this town, whether it’s your first trip to Key West or not. [7][8] The distance from the monument to Havana is about 90 nautical miles (104 statute miles; 167 kilometers).[7]. [48], Several U.S. presidents have visited Key West with the first being Ulysses S. Grant in 1880, followed by Grover Cleveland in 1889, and William Howard Taft in 1912. ", Films produced in the Florida Keys and Key West, Great White Heron National Wildlife Refuge, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Key_West&oldid=991794535, Populated coastal places in Florida on the Gulf of Mexico, Port cities and towns of the Florida Gulf coast, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Pages using infobox settlement with possible area code list, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2018, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from October 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2018, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961−1990), John Mountain and U.S. Consul John Warner, who quickly resold their quarter to Pardon C. Greene, who took up residence on the island. At this time, there was also a book mobile service, which served the entire Keys. In 1960 there were 13,340 families in Key West, with 42.1% of households having children living in them. The ancestries most reported in 2000 were English (12.4%), German (12.2%), Irish (11.3%), Italian (6.8%), American (6.0%) and French (3.6%). [13], Cayo Hueso (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈkaʝo ˈweso]) is the original Spanish name for the island of Key West. Key West the Newspaper (known locally as The Blue Paper due to its colorful header) is a local weekly investigative newspaper, established in 1994 by Dennis Cooper, taken over in 2013 as a fully digital publication by Arnaud and Naja Girard.[89]. Key West has attracted a diverse group of tourists over the years, but the ban on larger ships will change that, he argued. [citation needed] It literally means "bone cay", cay referring to a low island or reef. When you ban the more economically-available cruise ships from coming in in an effort to create an 'upscale community,' you’re doing everything to defeat our goal of one human family. The all-time record high temperature is 97 °F (36 °C) on July 19, 1880, and August 29, 1956. Celebrity Cruises' new Apex will now begin sailing when the cruise line returns to service, currently scheduled to resume on Sept. 16. Hispanic or Latino Origin by Specific Origin American Community Survey 5-year estimates. It consists of six members each elected from individual districts. Pan American Airlines was founded in Key West, originally to fly visitors to Havana, in 1926. [11] Sigsbee Park—originally known as Dredgers Key—and Fleming Key, both located to the north, and Sunset Key located to the west are all included in the city boundaries. Retrieved from <, U.S. Census Bureau (2014-2018). The Island of Key West is about 4 miles (6 kilometers) long and 1 mile (2 km) wide, with a total land area of 4.2 … But with the cruise industry. The open-air platform attaches at several levels, providing views with cocktails or meals and doubling as an easy-off disembarkation venue. Magic Carpet made its debut on Apex's sister ship, Edge, in 2018. Fishermen from New England started visiting the Keys after the end of the War of 1812, and may have briefly settled on Key Vaca in 1818.[16]. [67], Like most tropical climates, Key West has a two-season wet and dry climate. Old Town is where the classic bungalows and guest mansions are found. Bag Limit/Size Limit: 5 Grouper (gag, black or red) per person per day – gag & black grouper must be 22 inches in overall length. During both the British and Spanish periods no nation exercised de facto control. It docked at Pier B, which was owned at that time by the U.S. Navy. These “unregulated” species include some very popular sport fish that are commonly caught by recreational anglers such as white grunt, gulf kingfish (whiting), gafftopsail catfish, ladyfish, cero mackerel, bonito, pinfish and jack crevalle. [46] The monument was repainted after damage by Hurricane Irma in 2017, and is the most often photographed tourist site in the Florida Keys.[47]. Sigsbee Charter School is a K–8 school, sanctioned by the District and serving predominantly military dependent children as well as children from the community at large. The southernmost point of the contiguous United States is Ballast Key, a privately owned island just south and west of Key West. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.84. [17] No protests were made over the American claim on Key West, so the Florida Keys became the property of the United States. The first public library was officially established in 1853, which was housed in the then-Masonic Temple on Simonston Street, near where the federal courthouse is today. In Florida, the majority of white grunt in the recreational catch and the commercial catch are taken off the west coast in the Gulf of Mexico (Murphy et al., 1999). People Reporting Ancestry American Community Survey 5-year estimates. [69] The higher parts of Old Town, such as the Solares Hill and cemetery areas, did not flood, because of their higher elevations of 12 to 18 feet (4 to 5 m). He later sent those copies to the Monroe County clerk for preservation, which gives us a view of life in Key West in the early days (1820–1840). The monument states "90 Miles to Cuba", though Key West and Cuba are about 95 statute miles (153 kilometers; 83 nautical miles), apart at their closest points. Refugees continue to come ashore and, on at least one occasion, most notably in April 2003, flew hijacked Cuban Airlines planes into the city's airport.[85]. The Florida Keys Keynoter and the Key West Citizen are published locally and serve Key West and Monroe County. Our online destination guide has every type of Key West Accommodation you could imagine. [22] Fort Zachary Taylor, constructed from 1845 to 1866, was an important Key West outpost during the Civil War. He bought a permanent house in 1949 and listed Key West as his primary residence until his death in 1983. Currently, white grunt are an unregulated species (no bag- or size-limit) in the commercial and recreational fisheries in Florida. [51] The Little White House and Truman Annex take their names from his frequent and well-documented visits. Prior to the Cuban revolution of 1959, there were regular ferry and airplane services between Key West and Havana. WEOW 92.7 is the home of The Rude Girl & Molly Blue, a popular morning zoo duo; Bill Bravo is the afternoon host. Yet, each makes grunting noises (thus the name) when they grind their pharyngeal teeth together. Duval Street, its main street, is 1.1 miles (1.8 km) in length in its 14-block-long crossing from the Gulf of Mexico to the Straits of Florida and the Atlantic Ocean. "As Key West turns its focus to small ships that can happily coexist with the overnight visitors that power our tourist economy, it will foster a more supportive business environment for our diverse, locally-owned hotels, restaurants and retail businesses, and it will only enhance our appeal as a destination to travelers from all over the world," he said. Â. Key West voters had to decide on three proposed amendments to the city charter on Election Day: limiting the number of people disembarking from cruise ships to … It is served by rebroadcast transmitters in Key West and Marathon that repeat the Miami-Fort Lauderdale stations. The SeaPlex on Odyssey of the Seas is the largest indoor activity space at sea. DirecTV and Dish Network provide Miami-Fort Lauderdale local stations and national channels. Without the cruise ship bans, we were able to entertain visitors and tourists of all economic ranges."Â. There were 13,306 housing units at an average density of 2,237.9 per square mile (863.4/km2). This section of the Web site offers information for Florida Keys anglers. A fire on April 1, 1886 that started at a coffee shop next to the San Carlos Institute and spread out of control, destroyed 18 cigar factories and 614 houses and government warehouses. The Ritz-Carlton is bringing its high-end hotel milieu to sea. The penny is at the north end of the pool.[57]. It is about protecting public health, the environment and our quality of life. Key West is closer to Havana (about 106 miles or 171 kilometres by air or sea)[7] than it is to Miami (130 miles or 210 kilometres by air or 165 miles or 266 kilometres by road). "The people of Key West are thrilled to finally have some common-sense restrictions in place after 30 years of unregulated cruising that has damaged our environment, hampered economic growth, and threatened public health," he said. ", And while 81% of voters supported the measure to prioritize environmentally friendly ships, Hopper said the initiatives combined will still block some of the more environmentally friendly lines from coming to visit. Â, "(It) bans Disney from coming into Key West by their cruise ships even though Disney has an enviable sterling environmental record," he said. Among the high-tech features on Odyssey of the Seas are robot bartenders, which were first introduced on Quantum of the Seas. He sees that as a negative that will  permanently damage his town. “Large cruise ships degrade Key West in at least three ways," Shirley Freeman, former Mayor of Monroe County, said in a testimonial supporting the measures. Soon after his purchase, John Simonton subdivided the island into plots and sold three undivided quarters of each plot to: Simonton spent the winter in Key West and the summer in Washington, where he lobbied hard for the development of the island and to establish a naval base on the island, both to take advantage of the island's strategic location and to bring law and order to the town. Key West Government is governed via the mayor-council system. Parrotfish can be spotted either by their unique coloring or by the clouds of waste that trail behind them as they swim. The earliest Key West neighborhoods, on the western part of the island, are broadly known as Old Town. The United States Navy gave Porter the mission of countering piracy and the slave trade in the Key West area. SUN 99.5 has Hoebee and Miss Loretta in the p.m. drive. … Generally, the structures date from 1886 to 1912. In September 2005, NOAA opened its National Weather Forecasting building on White Street. Current Florida state record 71.3 lbs. The most recent hurricane to impact Key West was Hurricane Irma, which made landfall in the Keys in the morning of September 10, 2017 as a Category 4 storm. The island was indeed considered the "Gibraltar of the West" because of its strategic location on the 90-mile (140 km)–wide deep shipping lane, the Straits of Florida, between the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico. The Florida state record was a whopping 45 pounds, 8 ounces, caught May 4, 1996, by Sam J. Burnett off Key West. If you have never been here before, you are in for a real treat. ", "Dick Vermeil led Eagles to first Super Bowl, hoping for different outcome on Sunday. It will be a hard landing and quick stop! Early morning is the favored time for these showers, which is different from mainland Florida, where showers and thunderstorms usually occur in the afternoon. Russell was reportedly the model for Freddy in To Have and Have Not. In 1823 A naval base was established to protect shipping merchants in the lower keys from pirates. Among United States forts, only Fort Monroe in Virginia and Fort Adams in Rhode Island are larger. Welcome to Key West, Florida. [36] Additionally, the residences of some historical Key West families are recognized on the National Register of Historic Places as important landmarks of history and culture, including the Porter House on Caroline Street[37] and the Gato House on Virginia Street. In the 1830s, Key West was the richest city per capita in the United States.[21]. Record store lovers will feel like they're back in a Virgin Music superstore when they step into Scarlet Lady's vinyl record shop, the first such boutique on a cruise ship. "The cruise industry places incredible importance on being a strong partner in the communities where we visit, and we believe open dialogue and communication is a critical part of that," Bari Golin-Blaugrund, vice president of strategic communications for CLIA, told USA TODAY.