Sericulture helps to improve the manufacturing sector. The silk output of these two countries combined accounts for over 60% of the global production. Sericulture is concentrated in the six districts of Karnataka, viz., Kolar, Chamarajnagar, Bangalore (rural), Mysore, Mandya and Tumkur. Silk-worm diseases and severe competition from China and Japan affected the industry adversely. Mulberry has already been introduced in the new areas in the districts of Bagalkot, Belgaum, Bellary, Bidar, Bijapur, Chikkamagalur, Chitradurga, Dakshina Kannada, Uttara Kannada, Davangere, Dharwad, Gadag, Gulbarga, Haveri, Kodagu, Koppal, Raichur, Shimoga and Udapi which together account for about 4 per cent of the total area under mulberry in 1998-99. Importance of Sericulture in rural … Sericulture, the rearing of silkworms for silk production, is a labor-intensive agro-based industry which provides additional income to marginal farmers in India, especially women. Sericulture is an agro-based, labour intensive, export oriented commercial activity. An essential part of sericulture is the cultivation of host trees of the respective silk worm to ensure continuous supply of natural food for the silk worm. It is an important cottage industry in Karnataka. The squeezing of sericulture industry’s economy by COVID-19 and the climate of hostility between India and China have led to a demand for complete ban on import of Chinese silk. In spite of the tremendous competition posed by the emergence of man-made fibres in recent years, the global output of natural silk has registered a steady and significant increase of 104 per cent between 1975 and 1995. Importance of Sericulture in India and Karnataka, Historical perspectives of Sericulture in India, Relative change in the position of sericultural States, Socio- economic Development of Sericulture Sector in Karnataka, Sericulture sector provide Socio- economic development activities as the following, Ideal Programme for Weaker Sections of the Society, Hope we have satisfied your need for KPSC Prelims and Mains Preparation, 24 Quality mock tests and GS Prelims Notes, Sorry, you have Javascript Disabled! In 1785 Tippu Sultan established sericulture in Channapatana. Chinese Empress Drinking tea under a tree Silkworm cocoon … DMPQ- The Russian Revolution of 1917 was a single revolution which developed two phases. Status of sericulture industry in India: At the root of the social, economic, cultural and political progress of India, there are 6.5 lacs villages where 75% of the population of the country lives. Since its inception Channapatana silk farm is working on Silk seed breeding and breeding experiments. The total expected GSDP of Karnataka in 2010–2011 is about ₹ 2719.56 billion. Silk was believed to have first been produced in China as early as the Neolithic Period. It had occupied a prominent position in the sericultural map of the country from ancient time. Mysore silk has been registered as Geographical Indicator under Intellectual Property Rights. The sericulture industry particularly in the developing countries having potential for sericulture has been receiving considerable attention from international organisations like FAO, the World Bank etc. Sericulture, the production of raw silk by means of raising caterpillars (larvae), particularly those of the domesticated silkworm (Bombyx mori). Karnataka is one of the highest economic growth states in India with an expected GSDP (Gross State Domestic Product) growth of 8.2% in the 2010-11 fiscal year. He hired the services of Signor Washington Mari from Italy to organize and develop the silk industry in Mysore in 1913. During 1977-78 the persons employed in sericulture were only 38.06 lakh . Sericulture is an agro-based, labour intensive, export oriented commercial activity. Sericulture is the part of the agriculture activities in the state. In the Karnataka state rural and semi- urban areas most of the people adopt sericulture. Cocoon production in Karnataka has picked up to meet the growing demand for indigenous silk.. Per capita GSDP during 2008–2009 was US$1034.9. Mulberry takes only 6 months to grow for commencement of silkworm rearing mulberry once planted will go on supporting silkworm rearing year after year for 15- 20 years depending on management provided. He made available 12 varieties of pure European and Chinese silkworm to conduct experiments in Mysore State (now Karnataka). Department of Sericulture. In all these activities, women have shown their mettle and performed their tasks most skillfully. DMPQ- Briefly describe the concept of micro finance. The industry had to face severe competition from imports of silk from China and Japan during 1931-32. Also discuss the role of SHG (Self help groups) movement in India’s micro finance sector. This is an important labour intensive activity and agro- based industry. The main objectives of the project in the State were to increase the production of raw silk by bringing an additional irrigated area in the new districts, to provide employment mainly to weaker sections of the people, to strengthen research capability for evolving new races of silk-worms and strains of mulberry and to strengthen the arrangements for producing breeders. 60 percent of the women employed in down- stream activities sericulture in the country. But during the last four decades, Jammu and Kashmir State is witnessing stagnation. The dream of this great ruler became true during later period. In our country, this tea is a popular beverage in the North East. About 12000 to 15000 this investment is enough for undertaking mulberry cultivation and silkworm rearing in one acre of irrigated land. The real progress of our country is definitely on the development of these villages. The East India Company gave the industry a great stimulus during the latter half of the 18th century. In the Karnataka state rural and semi- urban areas most of the people adopt sericulture. It is an important cottage industry in Karnataka. Financial aid was given by the government to implement several expansion schemes for sericulture development. It has transformed into a model in mulberry sericulture in the country. In recent years, Tripura and Manipur are producing. This only proves that the world demand for silk is increasing even in the face of an invasion of man-made fibres. Abstract: Sericulture is one of the important potential agro- based rural industry in the world. Karnataka, also has a brand of mulberry tea known as Seri Chai from Healthline in Bengaluru among others. There has been a consistent increase in the area under mulberry, cocoon and raw silk production in the case of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal while the production in Jammu and Kashmir is stand still. ​, Disclaimer: Please note that this page also provides links to the websites / web pages of Govt. Some districts do not have any mulberry under irrigation. Sericulture and Weaving in Meghalaya are the two most important cottage based, eco-friendly industries in the rural areas. The natural silk has come to establish its competitive strength beyond all doubt and it is reasonable to expect that it would continue to enjoy its unassailed supremacy as a “Queen of Textiles” even in the future. DMPQ- “The task of integrating the tribal people into the mainstream was extremely complex.” Explain the statement. The content of these websites are owned by the respective organisations and they may be contacted for any further information or suggestion. While Japan till recently a second major producer of silk has been exhibiting declining trend in the production of silk and has kept on importing substantial quantity of raw silk. In Karnataka area under mulberry in hects 367209.1 and cocoon production in tonnes 215402. It encouraged export of raw silk to the silk-weaving-industry in U.K. Sericulture department is one of the oldest independent department to be established during Birtish government … Sericulture which was considered as a subsidiary occupation in the past is being considered as major activity. The sericulture industry in India exhibits high growth potential and export prospects. DMPQ- Discuss the major characteristics of Punjabi literature during medieval period. Importance Of Silk Industry: The practice of sericulture has many benefits to rural people. This phenomenon has largely been due to the adoption of package of programmes by sericulturists for improved mulberry cultivation and rearing of silk-worms advocated by the. It received encouragement during the Moghal rule. Silk imports from China have been badly hit on account of Coronavirus. The trend is expected to continue. India is the only country in the world which is known for the production of all the four varieties of silk, viz. Importance of Sericulture 9 ””” Low Gestation, Low Investment and High Returns : Mulberry takes only six months to grow for commencement of silkworm rearing. India and China are the world’s leading producers of silk. It has been held that mulberry culture came from China to India around 140 B.C. Another feature is that the irrigated area under mulberry is not evenly distributed in ail the districts. More than 60 lakh people are engaged in various sericulture activities. UAS dept of sericulture develops mulberry tea, seeks funds & scouts to scale-up: ... is a well accepted herbal drink, in China and Japan. Tasar silkworm process can offer supplementary gainful employment for tribals compare to other sericulture activities. The project was assisted by the World Bank and the Swiss Development Co-operation and was under implementation from 1989 in 17 major states of India.  Availability of indigenous technology at low cost. Sericulture is one the most important of agriculture and industry sector. ; It involves rearing of silkworms for the production of raw silk, which is the yarn obtained out of cocoons spun by certain species of insects. Mysore silk has been registered as Geographical Indicator under Intellectual Property Rights. Why in News. Sericulture, or silk farming, is the cultivation of silkworms to produce silk.Although there are several commercial species of silkworms, Bombyx mori (the caterpillar of the domestic silkmoth) is the most widely used and intensively studied silkworm. A trial in substituting artificial food for plant food has turned out to be futile. Sericulture is a very important domestic industry in many countries. Sericulture in India has a remote past dating back to several centuries prior to the commencement of the Christian era. Sericulture is an ideal programme for weaker section of the society because low gestation, higher returns. Sericulture which was considered as a subsidiary occupation in the past is being considered as major activity. Some of the major advantages are listed below. The silk-producing countries have exhibited a change in the pattern of production and consumption of silk in recent years. Sericulture is one the most important of agriculture and industry sector. This specialized So, sericulture is used as a tool for rural reconstruction in the state. By adopting stipulated package of practice, a farmer can get up to Rs.  Scope for establishing the large production … But the industry received set-back during the fourth quarter of the nineteenth century. Sericulture- opportunities. AGRICULTURE ANBIL DHARMALINGAM AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE AND RESEARCH INSTITUTE TRICHY-9 3. A Silk Panel was also set-up to study the developmental requirements of the entire silk-industry and to make suitable recommendations. But as compared to the output of silk in India, the marketable surplus of South Korea and Brazil is less and as such, negligible effect on India’s export trade. The silk industry was in a position to supply to the “Allies” in substantial quantities the much needed silk parachute fabrics and parachute components. A perusal of the industry before independence and the set-up of the Central Silk Board shows that no systematic attempts were made for its orderly development in the past.  Sericulture being cottage industry plays an important roles in employment generation and poverty alleviation. This paper analyzed that socio- economic development through sericulture sector in the world and in India. Mysore Silk is synonymous with splendor and grandeur. Majority of the people are engaged in various In the Karnataka state rural and semi- urban areas most of the people adopt sericulture. Waste from silkworm rearing can be recycled as inputs to garden. Even as far back as the 2nd century B.C. – distribution of Sericulture in the world.Components of sericulture – Mulberry cultivation – Silkworm rearing – Silkworm egg production – Silk reeling and Weaving – end products of each component and their economic importance. In the village under study, women are playing an important role in silk rearing and processing activities. The district of Chamarajanagar claims to have a share of more than 81 per cent while Chitradurga district accounts for less than 1 per cent of the area under mulberry in all the districts.  It is one of the most profitable activity in rural sector. The services rendered by the silk-industry were well recognised by the Central Government. In the context of the ever increasing global demand for silk and the changing fortunes of the sericulture countries, especially the withdrawal of Japan from the scene of international trade, India has a very large untapped potential for the expansion of her sericulture-industry. In most of the major silk producing countries, the consumption of silk is more than its output. India’s export of silk-goods to European countries was spectacular. Sericulture sector is a eco- friendly activity because as a perennial crop with good foliage mulberry contributes to soil conservation and provides greenery. In 1934 the industry was accorded tariff protection against competition from imports of silk from China and Japan. He wanted ‘Mysore to be the foremost among silk producing nations’. Role of the Department The product of sericulture, silk, has social, religious significance in the lives of Indians, since is closely associated with all celebrations of milestones of life in India and South Asia. See instructions, KPSC Prelims Exam 2020- Test Series and Notes Program, KPSC Prelims and Mains Tests Series and Notes Program, Impact of Solid Waste; Recycling and Reuse, KPSC Mains Public Administration and Management, Section – I -History and Cultural Heritage, Section I – Physical Features and Natural Resources, Section II – Overview of Indian Constitution, Section II: Advancement and Modern Trends in Science, Section III- Public Administration and Management – International Relations. In this regard the present study focuses on the objective of analysing the impact of technologies in sericulture in Karnataka State. Last modified at 15/02/2019 15:30 by System Account. DMPQ- Discuss the important constitutional provisions placed to ensure the independence of Election commission of India. Acres of mulberry garden and silkworm rearing can avoid maximum labourers and save wages in the sericulture sector of the state. The Mysore Silk is synonymous with splendor and grandeur. On the whole area under mulberry in hects of during 2008-19 is highest 77328 and cocoon production in tonnes is 5597.159 in 2011-12. To look after the interest of the silk industry, the Government of India established a. The industry was left to itself and also had to suffer the consequences of unregulated imports of raw silk and export of silk-waste which together affected its development adversely. Karnataka has been the leading producer of mulberry silk—accounting for more than 50% of its production in the country. In view of the importance of sericulture enterprise for the rural development as well as its cultural bondage, the paper tries to enlighten and discuss the significance of sericulture and strategies to be taken for the sustainable development of Indian sericulture industry for the rural development. There has been a progressive increase in the total area in the state under mulberry (which stands at 140034 hectares in 1998-99). Mysore Silk has been regestered as Geographical Indicator under Intellectual Property Rights. Adoption of irrigation is bound to increase significantly the leaf yield, the raw silk production and also the income of the sericulturist. About 78 per cent of the area under mulberry is concentrated in the first five districts of the state cited above. It creates a self employment in Karnataka. Barring for a short revival during the First World War, the industry received a set back mainly due to severe competition from imports, diseases and lack of official encouragement. 1.1 Importance of sericulture in developing countries: The art of silk production is called sericulture that comprises cultivation of mulberry, silkworm rearing and post cocoon activities leading to production of silk yarn. In 1785, the Tiger of Mysore “Tippu Sultan” established sericulture in Mysore kingdom. The project envisaged to bring an additional acreage of 57,000 hectares of land under mulberry cultivation in order to produce additional 6072 m.tonnes of mulberry raw-silk by the end of Five Year project period. More than 60 percent of people engaged in own activities in sericulture. More than 60 percent of people engaged in own activities in sericulture. The COVID-19 crisis-struck grape and sericulture growers all over Karnataka were on Saturday assured of measures to safeguard their produce by the State Government… During these years Karnataka sericulture has seen many ups and downs in its long journey. 30000 per acre/ per annum.  Large demand and popularity of hand woven silk in the west. In the recently presented Union Budget, customs duty for import of raw silk was raised from five per cent to fifteen per cent. The Panel drew up a Five Year Plan as a part of the perspective of 15 years and it also suggested the setting up of a Central Silk Board for the co-ordinated development of the industry. Silk is the most elegant textile in the world with unparalleled grandeur, natural sheen, and inherent affinity for dyes, high absorbance, light weight, soft touch and high durability and known as the “Queen of Textiles” the world over. More than 60 percent of people engaged in own activities in sericulture. The rest of the States and centrally administered territories in the country have rich potential for the development of mulberry sericulture. Sericulture is one the most important of agriculture and industry sector. The very nature of this industry with its rural based on-farm and off-farm activities and enormous employment generation … Karnataka is a homeland of mysore Silk. Sericulture helps to improve the manufacturing sector. Sericulture activities enable the low income rural people as can reach higher income groups. Sericulture provides gainful employment, economic development and improvement in the quality of life to the people in rural area and therefore it plays an important role in anti poverty … The importance of sericulture in rural development and utilization of rural women labour force in it is well documented . High Rate of Employment: Sericulture is the best source of employment. Sericulture which was considered as a subsidiary occupation in the past is being considered as major activity. This crippled the industry seriously and necessitated tariff protection. Development programmes initiated for Mulberry plantation are mainly in upland areas where un-used cultivable land is made productive. This achievement is possible because sericulture sector starting from mulberry garden management, leaf harvesting and silkworm rearing. It generates more employment opportunities when compare to other industry, especially in rural and semi- urban areas. Instead of being an exporter, India had to resort to large scale import of raw silk from China and Japan to meet her requirements. of raw silk to England between 1861 and 1885. The sericulture-industry in India in the past had to suffer on account of foreign invasion and also lack of official patronage. ; Key Points. Please turn on JavaScript and try again. Even Bengal exported 2.54 lakh kg. The proportion of the area under mulberry to total cropped area varies considerably from district to district and even from taluk to taluk in the same district. On the other hand, it stands for livelihood opportunity for millions owing to high employment oriented, low capital intensive and remunerative nature of its production. India with its vast agricultural land and cheap labour and the progress already achieved in quantity and quality of silk through continued research shall not find it difficult to be a major producer and exporter of silk and silk goods to the world market in the time to come. Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal have been able to achieve impressive progress because of the application of improved technologies of silk-worm rearing, new varieties of mulberry and its propagation-techniques and high yielding silk-worm-breeds evolved by the research institutions in the country. 2)permission can be obtained from the Centre for e-governance by requesting to this email. An investment of only Rs.12,000 to 15,000 (excluding cost of land and silkworm rearing house) Jammu and Kashmir State is ideally suited to the development, especially of bivoltine sericulture.  Regular and quick returns. The awareness event was organised by Directorate of Sericulture in association with Regional Sericulture … To see this page as it is meant to appear, please enable your Javascript! It is an important cottage industry in Karnataka. Sericulture is an important means for generating employment, income enhancement crop enterprises, and is a most appropriate household activity. Jammu: An awareness-cum-demonstration programme on silkworm shelf rearing technology was today organized here for the Sericulture department field staff of Jammu division. pd.webportal@karnataka.gov.in 3)Before leaving this government website note: this contact button will lead to another website, to get more information on such new opened site, one must contact the concerned contacts registered on that website. The production of silk generally involves two processes: The silkworm caterpillar builds its cocoon by producing and surrounding itself with a long, Mysore Silk is synonymous with splendor and grandeur. VENKATESH R B.Sc. Ministries/Departments/Organisations. is provided. However, the course of development of the industry has never been even. The attempts made in the past were aimed at achieving limited objectives. This state is now regarded as the “Silk Bowl of India.” Andhra Pradesh comes next to Karnataka. This studyis an attempt to analyze the agribusiness potential of sericulture in Karnataka.