Chord “spelling” vs. voicing. The above formula for close voicing is useful as a fundamental approach to divide chord notes between each hand while keeping the melody as the highest note on the piano.In this manner, extensions and alterations often used in Jazz can be added as expression while maintaining harmonic symmetry. Yes, you usually need it if it's altered, but really only if it is altered, which in the majority of chords, it isn't. Do not leap in a voice (melodically) more than a P8. Make each line unique Other chord tones may be added to the right hand but the Melody note is always placed on top. This is easier to understand when seen it in the following diagram. Altogether, there are three dominant chord voicings you need to be familiar with in any given key: Chord 5 of 1. Really get you that nice chordal sound. Further considerations about four-part voicing will be discussed in detail in chapter 5. Try to limit leaps in the soprano to a … Once we know which notes are in a chord—called the “spelling” of a chord—we can distribute those notes in many different ways. Voicing 4 – Spread Voicings. Because the third and the seventh are the most important notes that define the quality of a chord, these rules almost always produce good sounding results. **Guideline: Avoid melodic leaps with dissonant intervals. The chord voicing – the order of and interval between notes; Voice leading – transition between chords. Rootless voicing are extremely common, even when playing unaccompanied, and omitting the fifth is even more common. 11th chords Ex: maj9 (1 3 5 7 9), add9 (1 3 5 9). Use conjunct motion (stepwise) as much as possible. The Em7b5 chord already contains the Bb note (on the fourth string), so instead of moving down to the root of the A7 chord (A) as before, we can leave it where it is and only move the b7 of Em7b5 down to become the 3rd of A7. The following examples apply whether the chord is in major or minor (thus, imagine these both in C major and in C minor, with the key signature of three flats). Voice Leading Rules: Move the voices a little as possible when changing chords **Rule: Resolve 7->1 in a V chord in the outer voices. 2-part Counterpoint and 4-Part Tonal Writing Move mostly by step. **Guideline: Keep the notes the same if you can (except in soprano). The dominant chord voicing that functions as a passing chord to the chord of the fifth tone is known as chord 5 of 5, which literally means dominant chord voicing of 5 or passing chord to the chord of the fifth tone. So those are fourth voicings, “So What” voicings, crucial to understand, especially for modal harmony and stuff like that. Rule: Without a 7th present in the voicing, the 9th chord turns into an add 9 chord. Chord Theory Part 5 - Chord Voicings In guitar chord theory part 4 we looked at extended chords which brought us nicely to the end of the core elements of chord construction.. Now it's time to focus on how to construct alternate voicings of those same chords, using your chord and fretboard knowledge. In Incomplete seventh chords, double the root, include the third and the seventh. All right, and so the very last basic chord voicing every jazz musician should know are spread voicings. Ex: maj9 (1 3 5 7 9), add9 (1 3 5 9). The lesson could not be displayed because JavaScript is disabled. We have already discussed ‘ Chord Voicing Rules ’ in a previous lesson where we covered the first two points – that is, how to build Jazz chords and some general rules about how to create a nice sounding voicing. Chord voicings … Since the root note is missing, this voicing technique works best when accompanied by a Bass player. These are called “voicings,” and they’re limited only by your imagination, the rules of harmony, and how far the hands can stretch. Inc.triad Inc. 7th • MOVE TO THE NEAREST CHORD TONE AT ALL TIMES.