Man proposes, but God disposes. Therefore send and fetch him to me, for he shall surely die." : David will not return to “normal life” until Saul is dead, and David is king. Was David in God’s will? He will not be welcome again in the palace and he would not be safe again at home. As soon as the lad had gone, David arose from. And so they both went out into the field." Samuel, Saul and David. And when the lad came to the place of the arrow which Jonathan had shot, Jonathan called after the lad and said, "Is not the arrow beyond you"? Then Jonathan said to David, “Tomorrow is the New Moon; and you will be missed, because your seat will be empty. As the lad ran, he shot an arrow beyond him. David felt that his death was inevitable and that he walked on a slippery plank over a great canyon. Then David hid in the field. Why aren’t you just trusting God?” Instead Jonathan knew David’s heart was pointed in the right direction, and he offered to help. But if he is very angry, be sure that evil is determined by him. In those days when one royal house replaced another it was common for the new royal house to kill all the potential rulers from the old royal house. : A small thing – the signal of a single arrow – told David his whole life was changed. that Saul set out to get David at Naioth, though previously his father told him everything. And David said to Jonathan, “Indeed tomorrow, the New Moon, and I should not fail to sit with the king to eat. He will not be welcome again in the palace and he would not be safe again at home. The rest of First Samuel is devoted to the record of how God protected and preserved David from the myriad dangers that confronted him. “It seems probably that he went first to Bethlehem, as he bade Jonathan to tell his father, ver. But Saul cast his spear at him to smite him; so Jonathan knew that his father was determined to put David to death. He could have simply stayed there for however long it took Saul to give up or die. : David asked Jonathan to observe Saul’s reaction to David’s absence at an important feast held monthly for the high officials of state. We cannot suppose that this final farewell of these two noble men took place in the open field. Jonathan, through filial loyalty, would not desert his father even when that inevitable day of reckoning would come. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. In fact, David and Jonathan will only meet once more, shortly before Jonathan’s death. Yet as David now left for a life of hiding and danger, Jonathan could send David away. "[6] This explains why Jonathan was slow to believe that David was in any danger. "These words possibly meant that Jonathan was born of a prostitute. "Come let us go out into the field. (18-23) Jonathan proposes a signal to inform David of Saul’s reaction. Then I will shoot three arrows to the side, as though I shot at a target; and there I will send a lad, , ‘Go, find the arrows.’ If I expressly say to him, ‘Look, the arrows. Like David, he is now in obscurity and disrepute; his name is not popular; his gospel is misrepresented; his followers are subjected to rebuke and scorn. And Jonathan arose, and Abner sat by Saul’s side, but David’s place was empty. "And he said unto him, God forbid; thou shalt not die: behold, my father will do nothing either great or … He remembered that Jonathan’s support for him was challenged by the fact that his father was against David. What is my iniquity, and what is my sin before your father, that he seeks my life?” So Jonathan said to him, “By no means! You shall not cut off your kindness from my house forever. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 20:11-23 Jonathan faithfully promises that he would let David know how he found his father affected towards him. "[10], "So David hid himself in the field; and when the new moon came, the king sat down to eat food. He. d. Who will tell me: David now poses a practical problem. You can be sure of it.”. Are you still behind me?” Essentially, David says “If you really are working for your father and agree with him that I deserve to die, then just kill me now.”, i. : This assured David that Jonathan was still his loyal friend, and that Jonathan hadn’t bought into Saul’s lies about David. What is my guilt? This refers to the third day of the feast. And he said unto him, God forbid; thou shalt not die: behold, my father will do nothing either great or … What is my guilt? You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. Jonathan agreed to care for David in the face of Saul’s threat and David agreed to care for Jonathan and his family in the future. A judge was more than a person who presided over a courtroom. "If there is guilt in me, slay me yourself" (1 Samuel 20:8). 1. i. And may the Lord take vengeance on David's enemies." you evil, then I will report it to you and send you away, that you may go in safety. You shall not die! Saul had, at this time, become very suspicious and critical of his son Jonathan, especially regarding his friendship for David. Saul because God offered Saul opportunities for repentance. (1 Samuel 20:10). Saul meant by this that Jonathan's mother, "Would become the wife of the new king. Commentary on 1 Samuel 20:35-42 (Read 1 Samuel 20:35-42) The separation of two such faithful friends was grievous to both, but David's case was the more deplorable, for David was leaving all his comforts, even those of God's sanctuary. i. Jonathan shows his spiritual maturity when he says, “as He has been with my father,” because one might think that the LORD was really against Saul instead of for him. That reason was the king's knowledge that Jonathan, through his friendship for David, would not have approved of it. David said to Jonathan, "Behold, tomorrow is the new moon, and I should not fail to sit at table with the king; but let me go, that I may hide myself in the field till the third day at evening. Así trata el Señor a quienes prepara para la gloria. it will be well with your servant; but if he is angry, then know that evil is determined by him. What have I done: Here David checked his relationship with Jonathan. i. "On the third day" (1 Samuel 20:19). What has he done"? Jonathan exacted from David a solemn oath that, "after Jonathan's death," and after David's coming to the throne, that David would remember the house of Jonathan with kindness. But now all that was gone because David couldn’t stay and Jonathan couldn’t go, so they, : If Jonathan had reason to weep, David had. And the LORD be with you as He has been with my father. His support of David wasn’t a, before the LORD. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 20:4". He could no longer go home. When the lad had come to the place where the arrow was which Jonathan had shot, Jonathan cried out after the lad and said, “, not the arrow beyond you?” And Jonathan cried out after the lad, “Make haste, hurry, do not delay!” So Jonathan’s lad gathered up the arrows and came back to his master. : With this encouragement Jonathan told David to no longer doubt his loyalty. i. He also remembered that Jonathan’s support for him was challenged by the fact that Jonathan. And Saul said to Jonathan his son, “Why has the son of Jesse not come to eat, either yesterday or today?” So Jonathan answered Saul, “David earnestly asked permission of me to go to Bethlehem. Why should my father hide this thing from me? Biblical Commentary 1 Samuel 8:4-20; 11:14-15 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Chapter 7 told us that Samuel served as a judge over Israel "all the days of his life" (7:15). This shows how deep Saul’s hatred of David was – he would kill his own son for siding with David. "Go to the place where you hid yourself when the matter was in hand" (1 Samuel 20:19). Behold, my father does nothing either great or small without disclosing it to me; and why should my father hide this from me? One night of carelessness may change a girl’s life forever. (1Sa 20:24-34) Saul is enraged when he learns of David's absence. “And you shall not only show me the kindness of the LORD while I still live, that I may not die; but you shall not cut off your kindness from my house forever, no, not when the LORD has cut off every one of the enemies of David from the face of the earth.” So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, “Let the LORD require it at the hand of David’s enemies.” Now Jonathan again caused David to vow, because he loved him; for he loved him as he loved his own soul. Do I not know that you have chosen the son of Jesse to your own shame and to the shame of your mother’s nakedness? But if it pleases my father. Indeed, my father will do nothing either great or small without first telling me. At first this did not trouble Saul greatly, because he thought, “Something has happened to him; he is unclean, surely he is unclean.” Ceremonial uncleanliness might cause a person to miss a feast such as this but the ceremonial uncleanliness only lasted a day (Leviticus 22:3-7). As one of the king's chief advisers, Jonathan felt sure that he would have been informed of any such intention on the part of his father. "Filial attachment naturally blinded the prince to defects in the parental character. Apparently, Saul used the occasion for a meeting of important members of his government. : Again, David seems somewhat shaken by the fact that Jonathan did not tell him about the attempted arrest at Naioth. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. : Apparently, David wondered why Jonathan didn’t tell him about the attempted arrest at Naioth. Saul sent men a third time, and they also prophesied.... Saul went to Naioth at Ramah. : These would bring one of two messages. The author of it simply forgot, or never did understand, that Saul was not in town when this interview occurred. "You son of a perverse and rebellious woman" (1 Samuel 20:30) This vile slur cast upon Jonathan was the ancient equivalent of the vulgar present-day insult, "You son-of-a-bitch." You can also change some of your preferences. This addition is a further suggestion that Samuel is dedicated to God under a nazirite vow (Nm 6:4–5); see note on v. 22 . "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". Jonathan and David probably envisioned working, , as partners, as friends, both before and after the time David became king. And Jonathan made David swear again by his love for him; for he loved him as he loved his own soul.". Because God often has His people spend at least some time on a bleak road, and He appoints some of His favorites to spend a lot of time on that road – think of Job, Joseph, Paul, and even Jesus. Sometimes our life turns on a small thing. Saul told … If Saul’s heart was different towards David, he might have been disappointed but not furious. But let me go, that I may hide in the field until the third, at evening. : Certainly, this was Saul’s intention, despite his previous oath (, As the LORD lives, he shall not be killed. And now, if I have found favor in your eyes, please let me get away and see my brothers.’ Therefore he has not come to the king’s table.” Then Saul’s anger was aroused against Jonathan, and he said to him, “You son of a perverse, rebellious. One night with the wrong crowd may give a boy an arrest record. You shall not cut off your kindness from my house forever: Jonathan was aware of the political dynamic between the family of David and the family of Jonathan. ). But David’s place was empty: David was expected to be at this special feast of the New Moon, and so he his absence was clearly noticed. 21 Saul was told about it, and he sent more men, and they prophesied too. A lot was riding on the message brought through a few arrows. It is, however, much more. The pain of being apart was bad enough, but it was worse for David because he was cut off from everything and destined to live the life of a fugitive for many years. Now, I want to expand the … e. Whatever you yourself desire, I will do it for you: Jonathan continued to reassure David, bringing encouragement and an offer of help to a discouraged man. i. . "Remain beside yonder stone heap" (1 Samuel 20:19). 5 So David said, “Look, tomorrow is the New Moon feast, and I am supposed to dine with the king; but let me go and hide in the field until the evening of the day after tomorrow. It. But truly, as the Lord lives, and as your soul lives, there is but a step between me and death. i. David reinforced his words with a double oath, and provided Jonathan with the real reason why he had not been taken into the king's confidence in the matter of his decision to kill David. “David, even if you must leave the palace and your home behind and flee as a fugitive, i. Jonathan shows his spiritual maturity when he says, “, ,” because one might think that the LORD was really. Then Jonathan said to David, “Go in peace, since we have both sworn in the name of the LORD, saying, ‘May the LORD be between you and me, and between your descendants and my descendants, forever.’” So he arose and departed, and Jonathan went into the city. He could have simply stayed there for however long it took Saul to give up or die. 3. If there is iniquity in me: Again, David seems somewhat shaken by the fact that Jonathan did not tell him about the attempted arrest at Naioth. "He (David) fled from Nairoth" (1 Samuel 20:1). Either he would be welcomed back to the palace and his home or he would be a fugitive until Saul gave up the hunt for David. This was a pretty bleak road for David to walk, but it was, © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . If Saul has determined evil against David and Jonathan intends to warn him, how will he do it? a. How will Jonathan get the message to David? (14-17) In response, Jonathan asks David to commit himself in a covenant. Then Jonathan said to David: “The LORD God of Israel is witness! : Special sacrifices were commanded for the new moon (Numbers 28:11-15). “Behind you is the sunny morning, before you a lowering sky; behind you the blessed enjoyment of friendship, wife, home, royal favor, and popular adulation, before you an outcast’s life.” (Meyer). Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. The king had recently sworn in a solemn oath that David should not die. The *Lord calls Samuel. Although Saul loved David in the beginning, he soon became intensely jealous of him. This final meeting of David and Jonathan is sad indeed. He wanted to know what Saul thought but it was more important for David to know what Jonathan thought.